Easton's Bible Dictionary
the high land or mountains, A city in the land of Shinar.
It has been identified with the mounds of Akker Kuf, some 50 miles to the north
of Babylon; but this is doubtful. It was one of the cities of Nimrod's kingdom
( Genesis 10:10 ). It stood close to the Euphrates, opposite Sippara. (See SEPHARVAIM)
It is also the name of the country of which this city was the capital, namely,
northern or upper Babylonia. The Accadians who came from the "mountains of the
east," where the ark rested, attained to a high degree of civilization. In the
Babylonian inscriptions they are called "the black heads" and "the black faces,"
in contrast to "the white race" of Semitic descent. They invented the form of
writing in pictorial hieroglyphics, and also the cuneiform system, in which they
wrote many books partly on papyrus and partly on clay. The Semitic Babylonians
("the white race"), or, as some scholars think, first the Cushites, and afterwards,
as a second immigration, the Semites, invaded and conquered this country; and
then the Accadian language ceased to be a spoken language, although for the sake
of its literary treasures it continued to be studied by the educated classes of
Babylonia. A large portion of the Ninevite tablets brought to light by Oriental
research consists of interlinear or parallel translations from Accadian into Assyrian;
and thus that long-forgotten language has been recovered by scholars. It belongs
to the class of languages called agglutinative, common to the Tauranian race;
i.e., it consists of words "glued together," without declension of conjugation.
These tablets in a remarkable manner illustrate ancient history. Among other notable
records, they contain an account of the Creation which closely resembles that
given in the book of Genesis, of the Sabbath as a day of rest, and of the Deluge
and its cause. (See BABYLON; CHALDEA .)
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
a vessel; pitcher; spark
Smith's Bible Dictionary
One of the cities in the land of Shinar. ( Genesis 10:10
) Its position is quite uncertain.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
akker kuf, accad, bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, black faces, black heads, city of nimrod, invented hieroglyphics