Easton's Bible Dictionary
brother (i.e., "friend") of Jehovah.
(1) One of the sons of Bela ( 1 Chronicles 8:7 , RSV). In A.V. called "Ahiah."
(2) One of the five sons of Jerahmeel, who was great-grandson of Judah ( 1 Chronicles
(3) Son of Ahitub ( 1 Samuel 14:3 , 14:18 ), Ichabod's brother; the same probably
as Ahimelech, who was high priest at Nob in the reign of Saul ( 1 Samuel 22:11
). Some, however, suppose that Ahimelech was the brother of Ahijah, and that they
both officiated as high priests, Ahijah at Gibeah or Kirjath-jearim, and Ahimelech
(4) A Pelonite, one of David's heroes ( 1 Chronicles 11:36 ); called also Eliam
( 2 Samuel 23:34 ).
(5) A Levite having charge of the sacred treasury in the temple ( 1 Chronicles
(6) One of Solomon's secretaries ( 1 Kings 4:3 ).
(7) A prophet of Shiloh ( 1 Kings 11:29 ; 14:2 ), called the "Shilonite," in the
days of Rehoboam. We have on record two of his remarkable prophecies, 1 Kings
11:31 - 39 , announcing the rending of the ten tribes from Solomon; and 1 Kings
14:6 - 16 , delivered to Jeroboam's wife, foretelling the death of Abijah the
king's son, the destruction of Jeroboam's house, and the captivity of Israel "beyond
the river." Jeroboam bears testimony to the high esteem in which he was held as
a prophet of God ( 1 Kings 14:2 , 14:3 ).
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
same with Ahiah
Smith's Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
a-hi'-ja ('achiyah or 'achiyahu, "brother of Yahweh,"
"my brother is Yahweh," "Yah is brother." In the King James Version the name sometimes
appears as Ahiah):
(1) One of the sons of Jerahmeel the great-grandson of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:25).
(2) A descendant of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:7).
(3) The son of Ahitub, priest in the time of King Saul (1 Samuel 14:3,18). Either
he is the same with Ahimelech, who is mentioned later, or he is the father or
brother of Ahimelech. He is introduced to us when Saul has been so long on the
throne that his son Jonathan is a man grown and a warrior. He is in attendance
upon Saul, evidently as an official priest, "wearing an ephod." When Saul wishes
direction from God he asks the priest to bring hither the ark; but then, without
waiting for the message, Saul counts the confusion in the Philistine camp a sufficient
indication of the will of Providence, and hurries off to the attack. Some copies
of the Greek here read "ephod" instead of "ark," but the documentary evidence
in favor of that reading is far from decisive. If the Hebrew reading is correct,
then the seclusion of the ark, from the time of its return from Philistia to the
time of David, was not so absolute as many have supposed. See AHIMELECH, i.
(4) One of David's mighty men, according to the list in 1 Chronicles 11:36. The
corresponding name in the list in 2 Samuel 23:34 is Eliam the son of Ahithophel
(5) A Levite of David's time who had charge of certain treasures connected with
the house of God (1 Chronicles 26:20). The Greek copies presuppose the slightly
different text which would give in English "and their brethren," instead of Ahijah.
This is accepted by many scholars, and it is at least more plausible than most
of the proposed corrections of the Hebrew text by the Greek.
(6) Son of Sinsha and brother of Elihoreph (1 Kings 4:3). The two brothers were
scribes of Solomon. Can the scribes Ahijah and Shemaiah (1 Chronicles 24:6) be
identified with the men of the same names who, later, were known as distinguished
prophets? Sinsha is probably the same with Shavsha (1 Chronicles 18:16; compare
2 Samuel 8:17 ; 20:25), who was scribe under David, the office in this case descending
from father to son.
(7) The distinguished prophet of Shiloh, who was interested in Jeroboam I. In
Solomon's lifetime Ahijah clothed himself with a new robe, met Jeroboam outside
Jerusalem, tore the robe into twelve pieces, and gave him ten, in token that he
should become king of the ten tribes (1 Kings 11:29 - 39). Later, when Jeroboam
had proved unfaithful to Yahweh, he sent his wife to Ahijah to ask in regard to
their sick son. The prophet received her harshly, foretold the death of the son,
and threatened the extermination of the house of Jeroboam (1 Kings 14). The narrative
makes the impression that Ahijah was at this time a very old man (1 Kings 14:4).
These incidents are differently narrated in the long addition at 1 Kings 12:24
found in some of the Greek copies. In that addition the account of the sick boy
precedes that of the rent garment, and both are placed between the account of
Jeroboam's return from Egypt and that of the secession of the ten tribes, an order
in which it is impossible to think that the events occurred. Further, this addition
attributes the incident of the rent garment to Shemaiah and not to Ahijah, and
says that Ahijah was 60 years old.
Other notices speak of the fulfillment of the threatening prophecies spoken by
Ahijah (2 Chronicles 10:15 ; 1 Kings 12:15 ; 15:29). In 2 Chronicles "the prophecy
of Ahijah the Shilonite" is referred to as a source for the history of Solomon
(2 Chronicles 9:29).
(8) The father of Baasha king of Israel (1 Kings 15:27 , 33 ; 21:22 ; 2 Kings
(9) A Levite of Nehemiah's time, who sealed the covenant (Nehemiah 10:26 the King
Willis J. Beecher
ahijah, bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study