Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1) The governor of Samaria in the time of Ahab. The prophet Micaiah was committed
to his custody ( 1 Kings 22:26 ; 2 Chronicles 18:25 ).
(2) The son of Manasseh, and fourteenth king of Judah. He restored idolatry, and
set up the images which his father had cast down. ( Zephaniah 1:4 ; 3:4 , 3:11
) refers to the moral depravity prevailing in this king's reign. He was assassinated
( 2 Kings 21:18 - 26 : 2 Chronicles 33:20 - 25 ) by his own servants, who conspired
(3) An Egyptian god, usually depicted with a human body and the head of a ram,
referred to in Jeremiah 46:25 , where the word "multitudes" in the Authorized
Version is more appropriately rendered "Amon" in the Revised Version. In Nahum
3:8 the expression "populous No" of the Authorized version is rendered in the
Revised Version "No-amon." Amon is identified with Ra, the sun-god of Heliopolis.
(4) Nehemiah 7:59 .
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(1) One of Ahab's governors. ( 1 Kings 22:26 ; 2 Chronicles
(2) King of Judah, son and successor of Manasseh, reigned two years, from B.C.
642 to 640. Amon devoted himself wholly to the service of false gods, but was
killed in a conspiracy, and was succeeded by his son Josiah.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
A name identical with that of the Egyptian local deity of Thebes (No); compare
Jeremiah 46:25. The foreign name given to a Hebrew prince is remarkable, as is
also the fact that it is one of the two or three royal names of Judah not compounded
with the name of Yahweh. See MANASSEH. It seems to reflect the sentiment which
his fanatical father sought to make prevail that Yahweh had no longer any more
claim to identification with the realm than had other deities.
(1) A king of Judah, son and successor of Manasseh; reigned two years and was
assassinated in his own palace by the officials of his household. The story of
his reign is told briefly in 2 Kings 21:19 - 26, and still more briefly, though
in identical terms, so far as they go, in 2 Chronicles 33:21 - 25. His short reign
was merely incidental in the history of Judah; just long enough to reveal the
traits and tendencies which directly or indirectly led to his death. It was merely
a weaker continuation of the regime of his idolatrous father, though without the
fanaticism which gave the father positive character, and without the touch of
piety which, if the Chronicler's account is correct, tempered the father's later
If the assassination was the initial act of a revolution the latter was immediately
suppressed by "the people of the land," who put to death the conspirators and
placed Amon's eight-year-old son Josiah on the throne. In the view of the present
writer the motive of the affair was probably connected with the perpetuity of
the Davidic dynasty, which, having survived so long according to prophetic prediction
(compare 2 Samuel 7:16 ; Psalms 89:36 , 37), was an essential guarantee of Yahweh's
favor. Manasseh's foreign sympathies, however, had loosened the hold of Yahweh
on the officials of his court; so that, instead of being the loyal center of devotion
to Israel's religious and national idea, the royal household was but a hotbed
of worldly ambitions, and all the more for Manasseh's prosperous reign, so long
immune from any stroke of Divine judgment.
It is natural that, seeing the insignificance of Amon's administration, some ambitious
clique, imitating the policy that had frequently succeeded in the Northern Kingdom,
should strike for the throne. They had reckoned, however, without estimating the
inbred Davidic loyalty of the body of the people. It was a blow at one of their
most cherished tenets, committing the nation both politically and religiously
to utter uncertainty. That this impulsive act of the people was in the line of
the purer religious movement which was ripening in Israel does not prove that
the spiritually-minded "remnant" was minded to violence and conspiracy, it merely
shows what a stern and sterling fiber of loyalty still existed, seasoned and confirmed
by trial below the corrupting cults and fashions of the ruling classes. In the
tragedy of Amon's reign, in short, we get a glimpse of the basis of sound principle
that lay at the common heart of Israel.
(2) A governor of Samaria (1 Kings 22:26); the one to whom the prophet Micaiah
was committed as a prisoner by King Ahab, after the prophet had disputed the predictions
of the court prophets and foretold the king's death in battle.
(3) The head of the "children of Solomon's servants" (Nehemiah 7:59) who returned
from captivity; reckoned along with the Nethinim, or temple slaves. Called also
Ami (Ezra 2:57).
John Franklin Genung
amon, bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, egyptian god (human body and head of a ram), governor of samaria, king of judah