Easton's Bible Dictionary
The son of Shem ( Genesis
10:22 ); according to Genesis
22:21 , a grandson of Nahor. In Matthew
1:3 , 1:4
, and Luke
3:33 , this word is the Greek form of Ram, the father of Amminadab ( 1
Chronicles 2:10 ).
(2) The word means high, or highlands, and as the name of a country denotes that
elevated region extending from the northeast of Palestine to the Euphrates. It
corresponded generally with the Syria and Mesopotamia of the Greeks and Romans.
25:20 ; 31:20
26:5 , the word "Syrian" is properly "Aramean" (RSV, marg.). Damascus became
at length the capital of the several smaller kingdoms comprehended under the designation
"Aram" or "Syria."
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(1) The name by which the Hebrews designated, generally, the country lying to
the northeast of Palestine; the great mass of that high tableland which, rising
with sudden abruptness from the Jordan and the very margin of the Lake of Gennesaret,
stretched at an elevation of no less than 2000 feet above the level of the sea,
to the banks of the Euphrates itself. Throughout the Authorized Version the word
is, with only a very few exceptions, rendered, as in the Vulgate and LXX., SYRIA.
Its earliest occurrence in the book of Genesis is in the form of Aram-naharaim
, i.e. the "highland of or between the two rivers." ( Genesis 24:10 ) Authorized
Version "Mesopotamia." In the later history we meet with a number of small nations
or kingdoms forming parts of the general land of Aram; but as Damascus increased
in importance it gradually absorbed the smaller powers, ( 1 Kings 20:1 ) and the
name of Aram was at last applied to it alone. ( Isaiah 7:8 ) also 1 Kings 11:24
, 25 ; 15:18 etc.
(2) Another Aram is named in ( Genesis 22:21 ) as a son of Kemuel and descendant
(3) An Asherite, one of the sons of Shamer. ( 1 Chronicles 7:34 )
(4) Son of Esrom or Hezron, and the Greek form of the Hebrew RAM. ( Matthew 1:3
, 1:4 ; Luke 3:33 )
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
A son of Shem (Genesis 10:22 ; 1 Chronicles 1:17). See ARAMEANS; SYRIA.
(2) A grandson of Nahor (Genesis 22:21).
(3) A descendant of Asher (1 Chronicles 7:34).
(4) Aram, King James Version: Greek form of Ram (thus the Revised Version (British
and American) Matthew 13:4; Arni Luke 3:33), grandson of Perez.
aram, bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, mesopotamia, shem, syria