Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1) Hosea speaks of the "high places of Aven" ( Hosea
10:8 ), by which he means Bethel. He also calls it Beth-aven, i.e., "the house
of vanity" ( 4:15
), on account of the golden calves Jeroboam had set up there ( 1
Kings 12:28 ).
(2) Translated by the LXX. "On" in Ezekiel
30:17 . The Egyptian Heliopolis or city of On (q.v.).
(3) In Amos
1:5 it denotes the Syrian Heliopolis, the modern Baalbec.
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
iniquity; force; riches; sorrow
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(1) The "plain of Aven" is mentioned by ( Amos
1:5 ) in his denunciation of Syria and the country to the north of Palestine.
This Aven is by some supposed to be the once magnificent Heiropolis, "city of
I the sun," now Baalbek (Balbek) of Coele-Syria, whose ruins are one of the wonders
of the ages. It was situated in a plain near the foot of the Anti-Libanus range
of mountains, 42 miles northwest of Damascus. It is famous for the colossal ruins
of its temples, one of which with its courts and porticos, extended over 1000
feet in length. The temples were built of marble or limestone and granite. Some
of the columns were 7 feet in diameter and 62 feet high, or including capital
and pedestal, 89 feet. Some of the building-stones were 64 feet long and 12 feet
thick. The temples are of Roman origin.
(2) In ( Hosea
10:8 ) the word is clearly an abbreviation of Bethaven, that is, Bethel.
Comp. ( Hosea
4:15 ) etc.
(3) The sacred city of Heliopolis or On, in Egypt. ( Ezekiel
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
a'-ven 'awen "emptiness," "vanity":
(1) Used in Ezekiel
30:17 for On or Heliopolis, in Egypt. See ON.
(2) As a term of contempt Hosea calls Beth-el "Beth-aven" (Hosea
4:15 ; 10:5).
(3) Amos speaks of some valley near Damascus as "the valley of Aven" (that is,
of the idol, 1:5), in which Baalbek (Heliopolis) was situated. The word is rendered
"idol" in Isaiah
aven, baalbec, beth-aven, bethel, bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, heliopolis, on