Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1) The husband of Ruth, a wealthy Bethlehemite. By the "levirate law" the duty
devolved on him of marrying Ruth the Moabitess ( Ruth 4:1 - 13 ). He was a kinsman
of Mahlon, her first husband.
(2) The name given (for what reason is unknown) to one of the two (the other was
called Jachin) brazen pillars which Solomon erected in the court of the temple
( 1 Kings 7:21 ; 2 Chronicles 3:17 ). These pillars were broken up and carried
to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar.
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(1) A wealthy Bethlehemite kinsman to Elimelech the husband of Naomi. He married
Ruth, and redeemed the estates of her deceased husband Mahlon. ( Ruth 4:1 ) Boaz
is mentioned in the genealogy of Christ, ( Matthew 1:5 ) (B.C. 1250, but there
is great difficulty in assigning his date.)
(2) The name of one of Solomons brazen pillars erected in the temple porch. [JACHIN]
It stood on the left, and was eighteen cubits high. ( 1 Kings 7:15 ; 21 ; 2 Chronicles
3:15 ; Jeremiah 52:21 )
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
bo'-az (bo`az; Booz; "quickness" (?) Ruth 2 - 4 ; 1 Chronicles
2:11 , 12 ; Matthew 1:5 ; Luke 3:32):
(1) A resident of Bethlehem and kinsman of Elimelech, Naomi's husband. In Ruth
2:1 he is described as a gibbor chayil, a phrase which can mean either "a mighty
man of valor" or else "a man of position and wealth." The latter is probably the
sense in which the phrase is applied to Boaz (compare 1 Samuel 9:1). He had fields
outside the town, and to them Ruth went to glean. Boaz noticed her and extended
special kindness and protection to her, bidding her remain with his female workers,
and charging the men not to illtreat her, and also giving her of the reapers'
food at mealtime. Boaz awoke one night and found Ruth lying at his feet. He praised
her virtue, and promised to take charge of her if her dead husband's next-of-kin
failed to do so. He laid her case before the next-of-kin, and finally redeemed
the family property himself and bought as well the right to take Ruth in marriage.
The son of Boaz and Ruth was Obed, father of Jesse, and grandfather of David.
1 Chronicles 2:11 ,12 makes Boaz a descendant of Hezron, and so probably a chief
of the Hezronite clan in Bethlehem. Jewish tradition identifies Boaz with Ibzan
(Judges 12:8 - 10).
Boaz "is set before us as a model of piety, generosity and chastity" (H. P. Smith,
Old Testament History, 398). He found virtue and rewarded it. HPM, sections 501-8,
gives a picture of the life of "a well-to-do landed proprietor of central Palestine,"
much of which could aptly be taken as a description of Boaz.
(2) The name of one of the two bronze pillars erected in front of Solomon's temple,
the other being Jachin (1 Kings 7:21 ; 2 Chronicles 3:17).
See JACHIN AND BOAZ; TEMPLE.
David Francis Roberts
bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, boaz, bronze pillar, define, gibbor chayil, ibzan, naomi, obed, ruth (husband of), solomon