|sel'-ing (to cover)
Easton's Bible Dictionary
The covering ( 1 Kings 7:3 , 7:7 ) of the inside roof
and walls of a house with planks of wood ( 2 Chronicles 3:5 ; Jeremiah 22:14 ).
Ceilings were sometimes adorned with various ornaments in stucco, gold, silver,
gems, and ivory. The ceilings of the temple and of Solomon's palace are described
1 Kings 6:9 , 6:15 ; 7:3 ; 2 Chronicles 3:5 , 9 .
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
The descriptions of Scripture, ( 1 Kings 6:9 , 6:15 ;
7:3 ; 2 Chronicles 3:5 , 3:9 ; Jeremiah 22:14 ; Haggai 1:4 ) and of Josephus,
show that the ceilings of the temple and the palaces of the Jewish kings were
formed of cedar planks applied to the beams or joists crossing from wall to wall.
"Oriental houses seem to have been the reverse of ours, the ceiling being of wood,
richly ornamented, and the floor of plaster or tiles."
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
seld, sel'-ing (the King James Version and the English
Revised Version Cieled, Cieling; the Hebrew words for "ceiled" are chippah, caphan,
sachiph; for "ceiling," cippun):
Ceiling occurs only in 1 Kings 6:15. It comes from the root caphan, meaning "to
cover." It has its common meaning of the upper surface of a room; there is, however,
some doubt of the textual Ceiled is found in 2 Chronicles 3:5 ((chippah); Jeremiah
22:14; Haggai 1:4 (caphan in both); Ezekiel 41:16 (sachiph)), the text of the
last passage being doubtful. In none of these cases does "ceiled" refer to the
upper surface of a room, but to the covering or paneling of the inner walls of
a house with cedar or other costly wood. This is in accordance with a common early
use of the English word, no longer frequent.
George Ricker Berry
bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, caphan, ceiling, cover, define