Celosyria, Coelesyria, Coele-Syria
|se-lo-sir'-i-a (hollow Syria)
RELATED: Baalbec, Lebanon
Easton's Bible Dictionary
hollow Syria, The name (not found in Scripture) given
by the Greeks to the extensive valley, about 100 miles long, between the Lebanon
and the Anti-Lebanon range of mountains.
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
SEE FROM COELESYRIA]
(hollow Syria) The remarkable valley or hollow which intervenes between Libanus
and Anti-Libanus, stretching a distance of nearly a hundred miles. The only mention
of the region as a separate tract of country which the Jewish Scriptures contain
is probably that in ( Amos
1:5 ) where "the inhabitants of the plain of Aven" are threatened in conjunction
with those of Damascus. The word is given in the Authorized Version as CELO-SYRIA.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
See From COELE-SYRIA.
se-le-sir'-i-a (the King James Version Celosyria; Koile Suria, "hollow Syria"):
So the Greeks after the time of Alexander the Great named the valley lying between
the two mountain ranges, Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon. It is referred to in the Old
Testament as Biq'ath ha-Lebhanon, "the valley of Lebanon" (Joshua
11:17), a name the echo of which is still heard in el-Buqa', the designation
applied today to the southern part of the valley. This hollow, which extends about
100 miles in length, is the continuation northward of the Jordan valley. The main
physical features are described under LEBANON
(which see). The name, however, did not always indicate the same tract of territory.
In Strabo (xvi.2) and Ptolemy (v.15), it covers the fertile land between Jebel
esh-Sharqy and the desert presided over by Damascus. In 1 Esdras 2:17 ; 2 Macc
3:8, etc., it indicates the country South and East of Mt. Lebanon, and along with
Phoenicia it contributed the whole of the Seleucid dominions which lay South of
the river Eleutherus. Josephus includes in Coele-Syria the country East of the
Jordan, along with Scythopolis (Beisan) which lay on the West, separated by the
river from the other members of the Decapolis (Ant., XIII, xiii, 2, etc.). In
XIV, iv, 5, he says that "Pompey committed Coele-Syria as far as the river Euphrates
and Egypt to Scaurus." The term is therefore one of some elasticity.
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