|dwel (to sit down, abide, inhabit, remain,
to settle down)
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Tents were in primitive times the common dwellings of
men. Houses were afterwards built, the walls of which were frequently of mud (
Job 24:16 ; Matthew 6:19 , 6:20 ) or of sun-dried bricks.
God "dwells in light" ( 1 Timothy 6:16 ; 1 John 1:7 ), in heaven ( Psalms 123:1
), in his church ( Psalms 9:11 ; 1 John 4:12 ). Christ dwelt on earth in the days
of his humiliation ( John 1:14 ). He now dwells in the hearts of his people (
Ephesians 3:17 - 19 ). The Holy Spirit dwells in believers ( 1 Corinthians 3:16
; 2 Timothy 1:14 ). We are exhorted to "let the word of God dwell in us richly"
( Colossians 3:16 ; Psalms 119:11 ).
Dwell deep occurs only in Jeremiah 49:8 , and refers to the custom of seeking
refuge from impending danger, in retiring to the recesses of rocks and caverns,
or to remote places in the desert.
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) In the Old Testament "dwell" is a translation of 9 words, of which
by far the most frequent is yashabh, "to sit down," translated "dwell" over 400
times (Genesis 4:20 ; Joshua 20:4 ; 1 Chronicles 17:1 , 4 , 5 , etc.); also very
frequently "sit," and sometimes "abide," "inhabit," "remain." Another word often
rendered "dwell" is shakhan or shakhen ("to settle down"), from which is derived
the rabbinic word shekhinah (literally, "that which dwells"), the light on the
mercy-seat which symbolized the Divine presence (Exodus 25:8, etc.). In order
to avoid appearing to localize the Divine Being, wherever God is said to "dwell"
in a place, the Targum renders that He "causes His Shekinah to dwell" there.
(2) In the New Testament "dwell" most frequently stands for oikeo, or one of its
compounds; also skenoo, and (chiefly in the Johannine writings) meno, which, however,
is always translated "abide" in the Revised Version (British and American), and
generally in the King James Version. Mention may be made of the mystical significance
of the word in some New Testament passages, of the indwelling of the Father or
of the Godhead in Christ (John 14:10 ; Colossians 1:19 ; 2:9), of the believer
in Christ (John 6:56 the King James Version; Ephesians 3:17), and in God (1 John
4:15 the King James Version; compare Psalm 90:1 ; 91:1), and of the Holy Spirit
or God in the believer (John 14:17 ; the King James Version 1 John 3:24 ; 4:15
D. Miall Edwards
abide, bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, dwell, oikeo, skenoo