|e-li'-a-kim (resurrection of God, raised up
by God, God sets up)
RELATED: Azor, Jehoiakim
Easton's Bible Dictionary
whom God will raise up.
(1) The son of Melea ( Luke 3:30 ), and probably grandson of Nathan.
(2) The son of Abiud, of the posterity of Zerubbabel ( Matthew 1:13 ).
(3) The son of Hilkiah, who was sent to receive the message of the invading Assyrians
and report it to Isaiah ( 2 Kings 18:18 ; 19:2 ; Isaiah 36:3 ; 37:2 ). In his
office as governor of the palace of Hezekiah he succeeded Shebna ( Isaiah 22:15
- 25 ). He was a good man ( Isaiah 22:20 ; 2 Kings 18:37 ), and had a splendid
and honourable career.
(4) The original name of Jehoiakim, king of Judah ( 2 Kings 23:34 ). He was the
son of Josiah.
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
resurrection of God
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(raised up by God).
(1) Son of Hilkiah, master of Hezekiahs household ("over the house," as) ( Isaiah
36:3 ) ( 2 Kings 18:18 , 18:26 , 18:37 ) (B.C. 713.) Eliakim was a good man, as
appears by the title emphatically applied to him by God, "my servant Eliakim,"
( Isaiah 22:20 ) and also in the discharge of the duties of his high station,
in which he acted as a "father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house
of Judah." ( Isaiah 22:21 )
(2) The original name of Jehoiakim king of Judah. ( 2 Kings 23:34 ; 2 Chronicles
(3) A priest in the days of Nehemiah, who assisted at the dedication of the new
wall of Jerusalem. ( Nehemiah 12:41 ) (B.C. 446.)
(4) Eldest son of Abiud or Judah; brother of Joseph, and father of Azor. ( Matthew
(5) son of Melea, and father of Jonan. ( Luke 3:30 , 3:31 )
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
e-li'-a-kim ('elyaqim; Eliakeim, "God sets up"):
(1) The son of Hilkiah who succeeded Shebna as governor of the palace and "grand
vizier" under Hezekiah (Isaiah 22:20). The functions of his office are seen from
the oracle of Isaiah in which Shebna is deposed and Eliakim set in his place (Isaiah
22:15). He is the "treasurer" (the Revised Version, margin "steward"), and is
"over the house" (Isaiah 22:15).
At his installation he is clothed with a robe and girdle, the insignia of his
office, and, having the government committed into his hand, is the "father to
the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah" (Isaiah 22:21). The key
of the house of David is laid on his shoulder, and he alone has power to open
and shut, this being symbolic of his absolute authority as the king's representative
One of Solomon's officials is the first mentioned as occupying this position (1
Kings 4:6), and this office was continued in both the Northern and Southern Kingdom
(1 Kings 16:9; 18:3; 2 Kings 10:5; 15:5). Its importance is seen from the fact
that after Azariah was smitten with leprosy, Jotham his heir "was over the household,
judging the people of the land" (2 Kings 15:5).
When Sennacherib sent an army against Jerusalem in 701, Eliskim was one of these
Jewish princes who held on behalf of Hezekiah a parley with the Assyrian officers
(2 Kings 18:18 , 26 , 37 ; Isaiah 36:3,11,22). As a result of the invader's threats,
he was sent by Hezekiah in sackcloth to Isaiah, entreating his prayers to Yahweh
on behalf of Jerusalem (2 Kings 19:2 ; Isaiah 37:2).
(2) The original name of Jehoiakim, the son of Josiah, whom Pharaoh-necoh made
king of Judah (2 Kings 23:34 ; 2 Chronicles 36:4).
(3) A priest who assisted at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem, rebuilt
after his return from Babylon (Nehemiah 12:41).
(4) A grandson of Zerubbabel and ancestor of Jesus (Matthew 1:13).
(5) An ancestor of Jesus (Luke 3:30).
S. F. Hunter
bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, eliakim, governor, jehoiakim (original name)