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e'-fa (weary; tired, gloom, darkness)
Bath, Caleb, Midian, Weights and Measures
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Easton's Bible Dictionary


(1) One of the five sons of Midian, and grandson of Abraham ( Genesis 25:4 ). The city of Ephah, to which he gave his name, is mentioned Isaiah 60:6 , Isaiah 60:7 . This city, with its surrounding territory, formed part of Midian, on the east shore of the Dead Sea. It abounded in dromedaries and camels ( Judges 6:5 ).

(2) 1 Chronicles 2:46 , a concubine of Caleb.

(3) 1 Chronicles 2:47 , a descendant of Judah.

(4) Ephah, a word of Egyptian origin, meaning measure; a grain measure containing "three seahs or ten omers," and equivalent to the bath for liquids ( Exodus 16:36 ; 1 Samuel 17:17 ; Zechariah 5:6 ). The double ephah in Proverbs 20:10 (marg., "an ephah and an ephah"), Deuteronomy 25:14 , means two ephahs, the one false and the other just.


Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names

weary; tired


Smith's Bible Dictionary

(1) Concubine of Caleb, in the line of Judah. ( 1 Chronicles 2:46 )

(2) Son of Jahdai; also in the line of Judah. ( 1 Chronicles 2:47 )



International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

e'-fa, 'ephah, "darkness"; Gephar (Genesis 25:4), Gaipha (Isaiah 60:6):

(1) The name of three persons in the Old Testament, both masculine and feminine

(1) The son of Midian,

descended from Abraham by his wife Keturah (Genesis 25:4; 1 Chronicles 1:33), mentioned again in Isaiah 60:6 as a transporter of gold and frankincense from Sheba, who shall thus bring enlargement to Judah and praise to Yahweh. According to Fried. Delitzsch, Schrader, and Hommel, 'Ephah is an abbreviation of 'Ayappa, the Kha-yappa Arabs of the time of Tiglath-pileser III and Sargon. See treatment of this view in Dillmann's Commentary on Genesis (Genesis 25:4).

(2) A concubine of Caleb

(1 Chronicles 2:46).

(3) The son of Jahdai, a descendant of Judah

(1 Chronicles 2:47).

e'-fa ('ephah):

(2) A dry measure of about one bushel capacity.

It corresponds to the bath in liquid measure and was the standard for measuring grain and similar articles since it is classed with balances and weights (Leviticus 19:36 ; Amos 8:5) in the injunctions regarding just dealing in trade. In Zechariah 5:6 - 10 it is used for the utensil itself.


Regarding the absolute value of the measures of capacity among the Hebrews there is rather more uncertainty than there is concerning those of length and weight, since no examples of the former have come down to us; but their relative value is known. Sir Charles Warren considers them to have been derived from the measures of length by cubing the cubit and its divisions, as also in the case of weight. We learn from Ezekiel 45:11 that the bath and ephah were equivalent, and he (Warren) estimates the capacity of these as that of 1/30 of the cubit cubed, or about 2,333.3 cubic inches, which would correspond to about 9 gallons English measure. Assuming this as the standard, we get the following tables for liquid and dry measure:

Ce'ah and lethekh, in the above, occur in the Hebrew text, but only in the margin of the English. It will be noticed that the prevailing element in these tables is the duodecimal which corresponds to the sexagesimal of the Babylonian system, but it will be seen that in the case of weights there was a tendency on the part of the Hebrews to employ the decimal system, making the maneh 50 shekels instead of 60, and the talent 3,000 instead of 3,600, of the Babylonian, so here we see the same tendency in making the 'omer the tenth of the 'ephah and the 'ephah the tenth of the chomer or kor.



bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, dry measure, ephah, person name



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