Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1) One of the five sons of Midian, and grandson of Abraham ( Genesis
25:4 ). The city of Ephah, to which he gave his name, is mentioned Isaiah
60:6 , Isaiah
60:7 . This city, with its surrounding territory, formed part of Midian, on
the east shore of the Dead Sea. It abounded in dromedaries and camels ( Judges
Chronicles 2:46 , a concubine of Caleb.
Chronicles 2:47 , a descendant of Judah.
(4) Ephah, a word of Egyptian origin, meaning measure; a grain measure containing
"three seahs or ten omers," and equivalent to the bath for liquids ( Exodus
16:36 ; 1
Samuel 17:17 ; Zechariah
5:6 ). The double ephah in Proverbs
20:10 (marg., "an ephah and an ephah"), Deuteronomy
25:14 , means two ephahs, the one false and the other just.
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(1) Concubine of Caleb, in the line of Judah. ( 1
Chronicles 2:46 )
(2) Son of Jahdai; also in the line of Judah. ( 1
Chronicles 2:47 )
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
e'-fa, 'ephah, "darkness"; Gephar (Genesis
25:4), Gaipha (Isaiah
(1) The name of three persons in the Old Testament, both masculine and feminine
(1) The son of Midian,
descended from Abraham by his wife Keturah (Genesis
Chronicles 1:33), mentioned again in Isaiah 60:6 as a transporter of gold
and frankincense from Sheba, who shall thus bring enlargement to Judah and praise
to Yahweh. According to Fried. Delitzsch, Schrader, and Hommel, 'Ephah is an abbreviation
of 'Ayappa, the Kha-yappa Arabs of the time of Tiglath-pileser III and Sargon.
See treatment of this view in Dillmann's Commentary on Genesis (Genesis
(2) A concubine of Caleb (1
(3) The son of Jahdai, a descendant of Judah (1
(2) A dry measure of about one bushel capacity.
It corresponds to the bath in
liquid measure and was the standard for measuring grain and similar articles since
it is classed with balances and weights (Leviticus
19:36 ; Amos
8:5) in the injunctions regarding just dealing in trade. In Zechariah
5:6 - 10
it is used for the utensil itself.
Regarding the absolute value of the measures of capacity among the Hebrews there
is rather more uncertainty than there is concerning those of length and weight,
since no examples of the former have come down to us; but their relative value
is known. Sir Charles Warren considers them to have been derived from the measures
of length by cubing the cubit and its divisions, as also in the case of weight.
We learn from Ezekiel
45:11 that the bath and ephah were equivalent, and he (Warren) estimates the
capacity of these as that of 1/30 of the cubit cubed, or about 2,333.3 cubic inches,
which would correspond to about 9 gallons English measure. Assuming this as the
standard, we get the following tables for liquid and dry measure:
Ce'ah and lethekh, in the above, occur in the Hebrew text, but only in the margin
of the English. It will be noticed that the prevailing element in these tables
is the duodecimal which corresponds to the sexagesimal of the Babylonian system,
but it will be seen that in the case of weights there was a tendency on the part
of the Hebrews to employ the decimal system, making the maneh 50 shekels instead
of 60, and the talent 3,000 instead of 3,600, of the Babylonian, so here we see
the same tendency in making the 'omer the tenth of the 'ephah and the 'ephah the
tenth of the chomer or kor.
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