Easton's Bible Dictionary
Of the kingdom of Israel.
(1) In the time of Pekah, Tiglath-pileser II. carried away captive into Assyria
( 2 Kings 15:29 ; Compare Isaiah 10:5 , 10:6 ) a part of the inhabitants of Galilee
and of Gilead (B.C. 741).
(2) After the destruction of Samaria (B.C. 720) by Shalmaneser and Sargon (q.v.),
there was a general deportation of the Israelites into Mesopotamia and Media (
2 Kings 17:6 ; 18:9 ; 1 Chronicles 5:26 ). (See ISRAEL,
(3) Of the kingdom of the two tribes, the kingdom of Judah. Nebuchadnezzar, in
the fourth year of Jehoiakim ( Jeremiah 25:1 ), invaded Judah, and carried away
some royal youths, including Daniel and his companions (B.C. 606), together with
the sacred vessels of the temple ( 2 Chronicles 36:7 ; Daniel 1:2 ). In B.C. 598
( Jeremiah 52:28 ; 2 Kings 24:12 ), in the beginning of Jehoiachin's reign ( 2
Kings 24:8 ), Nebuchadnezzar carried away captive 3,023 eminent Jews, including
the king ( 2 Chronicles 36:10 ), with his family and officers ( 2 Kings 24:12
), and a large number of warriors (16), with very many persons of note (14), and
artisans (16), leaving behind only those who were poor and helpless. This was
the first general deportation to Babylon.
(4) In B.C. 588, after the revolt of Zedekiah (q.v.), there was a second general
deportation of Jews by Nebuchadnezzar ( Jeremiah 52:29 ; 2 Kings 25:8 ), including
832 more of the principal men of the kingdom. He carried away also the rest of
the sacred vessels ( 2 Chronicles 36:18 ). From this period, when the temple was
destroyed ( 2 Kings 25:9 ), to the complete restoration, B.C. 517 ( Ezra 6:15
), is the period of the "seventy years."
(5) In B.C. 582 occurred the last and final deportation. The entire number Nebuchadnezzar
carried captive was 4,600 heads of families with their wives and children and
dependants ( Jeremiah 52:30 ; 43:5 - 7 ; 2 Chronicles 36:20 , etc.). Thus the
exiles formed a very considerable community in Babylon.
When Cyrus granted permission to the Jews to return to their own land ( Ezra 1:5
; 7:13 ), only a comparatively small number at first availed themselves of the
privilege. It cannot be questioned that many belonging to the kingdom of Israel
ultimately joined the Jews under Ezra, Zerubbabel, and Nehemiah, and returned
along with them to Jerusalem ( Jeremiah 50:4 , 50:5 , 50:17 - 20 , 50:33 - 35
Large numbers had, however, settled in the land of Babylon, and formed numerous
colonies in different parts of the kingdom. Their descendants very probably have
spread far into Eastern lands and become absorbed in the general population. (See
JUDAH, KINGDOM OF; CAPTIVITY .)
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ek'-sil, eg'-zil (galah, tsa`ah):
Occurs twice only in the King James Version (2 Samuel 15:19 (galah, "to remove");
Isaiah 51:14 (tsa'ah, "to be bowed down")). In the Revised Version (British and
American) "exile" is substituted for "captivity" (Ezra 8:35 (shebhi), and Ezekiel
12:4 (golah)); "go into exile," for "remove and go" (Ezekiel 12:11); "exiles of
Ethiopia" for "Ethiopians captives" (Isaiah 20:4); "He shall let my exiles go
free" for "He shall let go my captives" (Isaiah 45:13); "an exile" for "a captive"
(Isaiah 49:21). "The exile" is in the King James Version and the Revised Version
(British and American) "the captivity" (which see).
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