Easton's Bible Dictionary
A famous giant of Gath, who for forty days openly defied the armies of Israel,
but was at length slain by David with a stone from a sling ( 1
Samuel 17:4 ). He was probably descended from the Rephaim who found refuge
among the Philistines after they were dispersed by the Ammonites ( Deuteronomy
2:20 , 21
). His height was "six cubits and a span," which, taking the cubit at 21 inches,
is equal to 10 1/2 feet. David cut off his head ( 1
Samuel 17:51 ) and brought it to Jerusalem, while he hung the armour which
he took from him in his tent. His sword was preserved at Nob as a religious trophy
Samuel 21:9 ). David's victory over Goliath was the turning point in his life.
He came into public notice now as the deliverer of Israel and the chief among
Saul's men of war ( 1
Samuel 18:5 ), and the devoted friend of Jonathan.
Samuel 21:19 there is another giant of the same name mentioned as slain by
Elhanan. The staff of his apear "was like a weaver's beam." The Authorized Version
interpolates the words "the brother of" from 1
Chronicles 20:5 , where this giant is called Lahmi.
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
passage; revolution; heap
Smith's Bible Dictionary
A famous giant of Gath, who "morning and evening for forty days" defied the armies
of Israel. ( 1
Samuel 17:1 ) ... (B.C. 1063.) He was possibly descended from the old Rephaim
[GIANTS], of whom a scattered remnant took refuge with the Philistines after their
dispersion by the Ammonites. ( Deuteronomy
2:20 , 2:21
Samuel 21:22 ) His height was "six cubits and a span," which taking the cubit
at 21 inches, would make him 10 1/2 feet high. The scene of his combat with David,
by whom he was slain, was the "valley of the terebinth," between Shochoh and Arekah,
probably among the western passes of Benjamin. In ( 2
Samuel 21:19 ) we find that another Goliath of Gath was slain by Elhanan,
also a Bethlehemite.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
go-li'-ath (golyath; Goliath):
(1) The giant of Gath, and champion of the Philistine army (1
Samuel 17:4 - 23
Samuel 21:19 ; 1
Chronicles 20:5). He defied the armies of Israel, challenging anyone
to meet him in single combat while the two armies faced each other at Ephesdammim.
He was slain by the youthful David. Goliath was almost certainly not of Philistine
blood, but belonged to one of the races of giants, or aboriginal tribes, such
as the Anakim, Avvim, Rephaim, etc. The Avvim had lived at Philistia, and most
probably the giant was of that race. His size was most extraordinary. If a cubit
was about 21 inches, he was over 11 feet in height; if about 18 inches, he was
over 9 feet in height. The enormous weight of his armor would seem to require
the larger cubit. This height probably included his full length in armor, helmet
and all. In either case he is the largest man known to history. His sword was
wielded by David to slay him and afterward carried about in his wanderings, so
it could not have been excessively heavy. The story of his encounter with David
is graphic, and the boasts of the two champions were perfectly in keeping with
single combats in the Orient.
(2) The Goliath of 2
Samuel 21:19 is another person, and quite probably a son of the first
Goliath. He was slain by Elhanan, one of David's mighty men. The person mentioned
Chronicles 20:5 is called Lachmi, but this is almost certainly due
to a corruption of the text. "The brother of Goliath" is the younger Goliath and
probably a son of the greater Goliath, who had four sons, giants, one of them
having 24 fingers and toes.
See ELHANAN; LAHMI.
J. J. Reeve
bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, giant of gath, goliath, height of six cubits and a span (10.5 feet), slain by david, stone from a sling