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Havoth-Jair, Havvoth-Jair

hav-oth-ja'-ir (the villages that enlighten, the encampments or tent villages of Jair)
RELATED:
Gilead, Kamon
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Easton's Bible Dictionary

(1) hamlets of the enlightener a district in the east of Jordan.

(2)
Jair, the son of Manasseh, took some villages of Gilead and called them by this name ( Numbers 32:41 ).

(3) Again, it is said that Jair "took all the tract of Argob," and called it Bashanhavoth-jair ( Deuteronomy 3:14 ). (See also Joshua 13:30 ; 1 Kings 4:13 ; 1 Chronicles 2:22 , 2:23 .)

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Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names

the villages that enlighten

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Smith's Bible Dictionary

(villages of Jair), Certain villages on the east of Jordan, in Gilead or Bashan, which were taken by Jair the son of Manasseh, and called after his name. ( Numbers 32:41 ; 3:14 ) In the records of Manasseh in ( Joshua 13:30 ) and 1 Chronicles 2:23 the Havoth-jair are reckoned with other districts as making up sixty "cities." Comp. ( 1 Kings 4:13 ) There is apparently some confusion in these different statements as to what the sixty cities really consisted of. No less doubtful is the number of the Havoth-Jair. In ( 1 Chronicles 2:22 ) they are specified as twenty-three, but in ( Judges 10:4 ) as thirty.

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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

hav-oth-ja'-ir (chawwoth ya'ir "the encampments" or "tent villages of Jair"; the King James Version Havoth-Jair, ha-voth-ja'ir):

The word chawwoth occurs only in this combination (Numbers 32:41 ; Deuteronomy 3:14 ; Judges 10:4), and is a legacy from the nomadic stage of Hebrew life. Jair had thirty sons who possessed thirty "cities," and these are identified with Havvoth-jair in Judges 10:3. The district was in Gilead (Judges 10:5 ; Numbers 32:41). In Deuteronomy 3:13, it is identified with Bashan and Argob; but in 1 Kings 4:13, "the towns of Jair" are said to be in Gilead; while to him also "pertained the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brazen bars." There is evident confusion here. If we follow Judges 10:3, we may find a useful clue in 10:5. Kamon is named as the burial place of Jair. This probably corresponds to Kamun taken by Antiochus III, on his march from Pella to Gephrun (Polyb. v.70, 12). Schumacher (Northern `Ajlun, 137) found two places to the West of Irbid with the names Qamm and Qumeim (the latter a diminutive of the former) with ancient ruins. Qamm probably represents the Hebrew Qamon, so that Havvoth-jair should most likely be sought in this district, i.e. in North Gilead, between the Jordan Valley and Jebel ez-Zumleh.




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bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, havoth-jair, havvoth-jair

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