|hav-oth-ja'-ir (the villages that enlighten,
the encampments or tent villages of Jair)
RELATED: Gilead, Kamon
Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1) hamlets of the enlightener a district in the east
(2) Jair, the son of Manasseh, took some villages of Gilead and called
them by this name ( Numbers 32:41 ).
(3) Again, it is said that Jair "took all the tract of Argob," and called it Bashanhavoth-jair
( Deuteronomy 3:14 ). (See also Joshua 13:30 ; 1 Kings 4:13 ; 1 Chronicles 2:22
, 2:23 .)
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
the villages that enlighten
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(villages of Jair), Certain villages on the east of Jordan,
in Gilead or Bashan, which were taken by Jair the son of Manasseh, and called
after his name. ( Numbers 32:41 ; 3:14 ) In the records of Manasseh in ( Joshua
13:30 ) and 1 Chronicles 2:23 the Havoth-jair are reckoned with other districts
as making up sixty "cities." Comp. ( 1 Kings 4:13 ) There is apparently some confusion
in these different statements as to what the sixty cities really consisted of.
No less doubtful is the number of the Havoth-Jair. In ( 1 Chronicles 2:22 ) they
are specified as twenty-three, but in ( Judges 10:4 ) as thirty.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
hav-oth-ja'-ir (chawwoth ya'ir "the encampments" or "tent
villages of Jair"; the King James Version Havoth-Jair, ha-voth-ja'ir):
The word chawwoth occurs only in this combination (Numbers 32:41 ; Deuteronomy
3:14 ; Judges 10:4), and is a legacy from the nomadic stage of Hebrew life. Jair
had thirty sons who possessed thirty "cities," and these are identified with Havvoth-jair
in Judges 10:3. The district was in Gilead (Judges 10:5 ; Numbers 32:41). In Deuteronomy
3:13, it is identified with Bashan and Argob; but in 1 Kings 4:13, "the towns
of Jair" are said to be in Gilead; while to him also "pertained the region of
Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brazen bars."
There is evident confusion here. If we follow Judges 10:3, we may find a useful
clue in 10:5. Kamon is named as the burial place of Jair. This probably corresponds
to Kamun taken by Antiochus III, on his march from Pella to Gephrun (Polyb. v.70,
12). Schumacher (Northern `Ajlun, 137) found two places to the West of Irbid with
the names Qamm and Qumeim (the latter a diminutive of the former) with ancient
ruins. Qamm probably represents the Hebrew Qamon, so that Havvoth-jair should
most likely be sought in this district, i.e. in North Gilead, between the Jordan
Valley and Jebel ez-Zumleh.
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