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jo-ha'-nan (who is liberal or merciful, gift or grace of God, Yahweh has been gracious, whom Jehovah graciously bestows)
Azariah, Careah (Kareah), Gedaliah, Ishmael, Josiah
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Easton's Bible Dictionary

whom Jehovah graciously bestows.

(1) One of the Gadite heroes who joined David in the desert of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 12:12 ).

(2) The oldest of King Josiah's sons ( 1 Chronicles 3:15 ).

(3) Son of Careah, one of the Jewish chiefs who rallied round Gedaliah, whom Nebuchadnezzar had made governor in Jerusalem ( 2 Kings 25:23 ; Jeremiah 40:8 ). He warned Gedaliah of the plans of Ishmael against him, a warning which was unheeded ( Jeremiah 40:13 , 40:16 ). He afterwards pursued the murderer of the governor, and rescued the captives ( Jeremiah 41:8 , 41:13 , 41:15 , 41:16 ). He and his associates subsequently fled to Tahpanhes in Egypt ( Jeremiah 43:2 , 43:4 , 43:5 ), taking Jeremiah with them. "The flight of Gedaliah's community to Egypt extinguished the last remaining spark of life in the Jewish state. The work of the ten centuries since Joshua crossed the Jordan had been undone."


Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names

who is liberal or merciful


Smith's Bible Dictionary

(gift or grace of God).

(1) Son of Azariah and grandson of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok, and father of Azariah, 3. ( 1 Chronicles 6:9 , 6:10 ) Authorized Version.

(2) Son of Elioenai, the son of Neariah, the son of Shemaiah, in the line of Zerubbabels heirs. ( 1 Chronicles 3:24 ) (B.C. after 406.)

(3) The son of Kaereah, and one of the captains of the scattered remnants of the army of Judah, who escaped in the final attack upon Jerusalem by the Chaldeans. (B.C. 588.) After the murder of Gedaliah, Johanan was one of the foremost in the pursuit of his assassin, and rescued the captives he had carried off from Mizpah. ( Jeremiah 41:11 - 16 ) Fearing the vengeance of the Chaldeans, the captains, with Johanan at their head, notwithstanding the warnings of Jeremiah, retired into Egypt.

(4) The first-born son of Josiah king of Judah. ( 1 Chronicles 3:15 ) (B.C. 638-610.)

(5) A valiant Benjamite who joined David at Ziklag. ( 1 Chronicles 12:4 ) (B.C. 1055.)

(6) A Gadite warrior who followed David. ( 1 Chronicles 12:12 )

(7) The father of Azariah, an Ephraimite in the time of Ahaz. ( 2 Chronicles 28:12 )

(8) The son of Hakkatan, and chief of the Bene-Azgad who returned with Ezra. ( Ezra 8:12 )

(9) The son of Eliashib, one of the chief Levites. ( Ezra 10:6 ; Nehemiah 12:23 )

(10) The son of Tobiah the Ammonite. ( Nehemiah 6:18 )


International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

jo-ha'-nan (yochanan, "Yahweh has been gracious"; Ioanan; compare JEHOHANAN):

(1) Son of Kareah, and one of "the captains of the forces who were in the fields" (i.e. probably guerrilla bands), who allied with Gedaliah, governor of Judah, after the fall of Jerusalem, 586 BC (2 Kings 25:23; Jeremiah 40:7 - 43:7). He warned Gedaliah of the plot of Ishmael ben Nethaniah, who was instigated by the Ammonite king Baalis, to murder the governor; but the latter refused to believe him nor would he grant Johanan permission to slay Ishmael (Jeremiah 40:8-16). After Ishmael had murdered Gedaliah and also 70 northern pilgrims, Johanan went in pursuit. He was joined by the unwilling followers of Ishmael, but the murderer escaped. Thereupon Johanan settled at Geruth-Chimham near Bethlehem (Jeremiah 41). As Ishmael's plan was to take the remnant to the land of Ammon, so that of Johanan and his fellow-chiefs was to go to Egypt. They consulted the Divine oracle through Jeremiah, and received the answer that they should remain in Judah (Jeremiah 42). But the prophet was accused of giving false counsel and of being influenced by Baruch. The chiefs then resolved to go to Egypt, and forced Jeremiah and Baruch to accompany them (Jeremiah 43).

(2) The eldest son of King Josiah (1 Chronicles 3:15), apparently = "Jehoahaz" (2 Kings 23:30 - 33).

(3) Son of Elioenai, and a Davidic post-exilic prince (1 Chronicles 3:24).

(4) Father of the Azariah who was priest in Solomon's time (1 Chronicles 6:9, 10; (Hebrew 5:35, 36)).

(5) A Benjamite recruit of David at Ziklag, but perhaps a Judean (1 Chronicles 12:4)).

(6) A Gadite recruit of David at Ziklag (1 Chronicles 12:12)).

(7) Hebrew has "Jehohanan," an Ephraimite chief (2 Chronicles 28:12).

(8) A returned exile (Ezra 8:12) = "Joannes" (1 Esdras 8:38, the King James Version "Johannes").

(9) Nehemiah 12:22, 23 = JEHOHANAN, (3).



bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, gadite, gedaliah, johanan, joined david, rescued captives, son of careah, son of kareah, son of king josiah



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