Easton's Bible Dictionary
the Graecized form of Judah.
(1) The patriarch ( Matthew
1:2 , 1:3
(2) Son of Simon ( John
6:71 ; 13:2
), surnamed Iscariot, i.e., a man of Kerioth ( Joshua
15:25 ). His name is uniformly the last in the list of the apostles, as given
in the synoptic (i.e., the first three) Gospels. The evil of his nature probably
gradually unfolded itself till "Satan entered into him" ( John
13:27 ), and he betrayed our Lord ( John
18:3 ). Afterwards he owned his sin with "an exceeding bitter cry," and cast
the money he had received as the wages of his iniquity down on the floor of the
sanctuary, and "departed and went and hanged himself" ( Matthew
27:5 ). He perished in his guilt, and "went unto his own place" ( Acts
1:25 ). The statement in Acts
1:18 that he "fell headlong and burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels
gushed out," is in no way contrary to that in Matthew
27:5 . The suicide first hanged himself, perhaps over the valley of Hinnom,
"and the rope giving way, or the branch to which he hung breaking, he fell down
headlong on his face, and was crushed and mangled on the rocky pavement below."
Why such a man was chosen to be an apostle we know not, but it is written that
"Jesus knew from the beginning who should betray him" ( John
6:64 ). Nor can any answer be satisfactorily given to the question as to the
motives that led Judas to betray his Master. "Of the motives that have been assigned
we need not care to fix on any one as that which simply led him on. Crime is,
for the most part, the result of a hundred motives rushing with bewildering fury
through the mind of the criminal." (SEE
(3) A Jew of Damascus ( Acts
9:11 ), to whose house Ananias was sent. The street called "Straight" in which
it was situated is identified with the modern "street of bazaars," where is still
pointed out the so-called "house of Judas."
(4) A Christian teacher, surnamed Barsabas. He was sent from Jerusalem to Antioch
along with Paul and Barnabas with the decision of the council ( Acts
15:22 , 15:27
). He was a "prophet" and a "chief man among the brethren."
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
the Greek form of the Hebrew name Judah, occurring in
the LXX, and the New Testament.
(1) The patriarch Judah. ( Matthew
1:2 , 1:3
(2) A man residing at Damascus, in "the street which is called Straight," in whose
house Saul of Tarsus lodged after his miraculous conversion. ( Acts
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
joo'-das (Ioudas; Greek form of Hebrew "Judah"):
(1) A Levite mentioned in 1 Esdras 9:23 = JUDAH (3).
(2) Judas Maccabeus, 3rd son of Mattathias (1 Macc 2:4). See MACCABEES.
(3) Judas, son of Chalphi, a Jewish officer who supported Jonathan bravely at
the battle of Hazor (1 Macc 11:70; Ant, XIII, v, 7).
(4) A person of good position in Jerusalem at the time of the mission to Aristobulus
(2 Macc 1:10); he has been identified with Judas Maccabeus and also with an Essene
prophet (Ant., XIII, xi, 2; BJ, III, 5).
(5) Son of Simon the Maccabee, and brother of John Hyrcanus (1 Macc 16:2). He
was wounded in the battle which he fought along with his brother against Cendebeus
(1 Macc 16:1; Ant, XIII, vii, 3), and was murdered by Ptolemy the usurper, his
brother-in-law, at Dok (1 Macc 16:11).
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