Easton's Bible Dictionary
Where Job lived ( Job
1:1 ; Jeremiah
25:20 ; Lamentations
4:21 ), probably somewhere to the east or south-east of Palestine and north
of Edom. It is mentioned in Scripture only in these three passages.
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
('uts; Septuagint Ausitis; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible,
390-405 A.D.) Ausitis):
The home of the patriarch Job (Job 1:1 ; Jeremiah 25:20, "all the kings of the
land of Uz"; Lamentations 4:21, "daughter of Edom, that dwellest in the land of
Uz"). The land of Uz was, no doubt, the pasturing-ground inhabited by one of the
tribes of that name, if indeed there be more than one tribe intended. The following
are the determining data occurring in the Book of Job. The country was subject
to raids by Chaldeans and Sabeans (Job 1:15 , 17); Job's three friends were a
Temanite, a Naamathite and a Shuhite (Job 2:11); Elihu was a Buzite (Job 32:2);
and Job himself is called one of the children of the East (Qedhem). The Chaldeans
(kasdim, descendants of Chesed, son of Nahor, Genesis 22:22) inhabited Mesopotamia;
a branch of the Sabeans also appears to have taken up its abode in Northern Arabia
(see SHEBA). Teman (Genesis 36:11) is often synonymous with Edom. The meaning
of the designation amathite is unknown, but Shuah was a son of Keturah the wife
of Abraham (Genesis 25:2), and so connected with Nahor. Shuah is identified with
Suhu, mentioned by Tiglath-pileser I as lying one day's journey from Carchemish;
and a "land of Uzza" is named by Shalmaneser II as being in the same neighborhood.
Buz is a brother of Uz ("Huz," Genesis 22:21) and son of Nahor. Esar-haddon, in
an expedition toward the West, passed through Bazu and Hazu, no doubt the same
tribes. Abraham sent his children, other than Isaac (so including Shuah), "eastward
to the land of Qedhem" (Genesis 25:6). These factors point to the land of Uz as
lying somewhere to the Northeast of Palestine. Tradition supports such a site.
Josephus says "Uz founded Trachonitis and Damascus" (Ant., I, vi, 4). Arabian
tradition places the scene of Job s sufferings in the Hauran at Deir Eiyub (Job's
monastery) near Nawa. There is a spring there, which. he made to flow by striking
the rock with his foot (Koran 38 41), and his tomb. The passage in the Koran is,
however, also made to refer to Job's Well.
Talmud of Jerusalem (French translation by M. Schwab, VII, 289) contains a discussion of the date of Job; Le Strange, Palestine under the Moslems, 220-23, 427, 515.
Thomas Hunter Weir
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