Easton's Bible Dictionary
the lovable; my delight, The wife of Elimelech, and mother
of Mahlon and Chilion, and mother-in-law of Ruth ( Ruth 1:2 , 1:20 , 1:21 ; 2:1
). Elimelech and his wife left the district of Bethlehem-Judah, and found a new
home in the uplands of Moab. In course of time he died, as also his two sons Mahlon
and Chilion, who had married women of Moab, and three widows were left mourning
the loss of their husbands. Naomi longs to return now to her own land, to Bethlehem.
One of her widowed daughters-in-law, Ruth, accompanies her, and is at length married
to Boaz (q.v.).
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
or Naomi (my delight), The wife of Elimelech and mother-in-law
of Ruth. ( Ruth 1:2 ; 2:1 ; 3:1 ; 4:3 , etc) (B.C. 1363.) The name is derived
from a root signifying sweetness or pleasantness. Naomi left Judea with her husband
and two sons, in a time of famine and went to the land of Moab. Here her husband
and sons died; and on her return to Bethlehem she wished to be known as Mara,
bitterness, instead of Naomi, sweetness.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
na'-o-mi, na-o'-mi, na-o'-mi (no'omi, probably equals
"pleasantness"; Septuagint. Codex Vaticanus Noemein; Codex Alexandrinus Noemmei(n)):
Wife of Elimelech and mother-in-law of Ruth (Ruth 1:2 - 4:17). She went with her
husband to the land of Moab, and after his death returned to Bethlehem. When greeted
on her return, she told the women of the town to call her, not no'omi ("pleasantness"),
but marah ("bitterness"), "for," she said, "the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly
with me." She advised Ruth in her dealings with Boaz, and afterward nursed their
The name may mean "my joy," "my bliss," but is perhaps better explained according
to the traditional interpretation as "the pleasant one."
David Francis Roberts
bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, naomi, mara, marah, mother-in-law of ruth, wife of elimelech