Easton's Bible Dictionary
servant of Edom.
(1) "The Gittite" (probably so called because he was a native of Gath-rimmon),
a Levite of the family of the Korhites ( 1
Chronicles 26:1 , 26:4
), to whom was specially intrusted the custody of the ark ( 1
Chronicles 15:18 ). When David was bringing up the ark "from the house of
Abinadab, that was in Gibeah" (probably some hill or eminence near Kirjath-jearim),
and had reached Nachon's threshing-floor, he became afraid because of the "breach
upon Uzzah," and carried it aside into the house of Obededom ( 2
Samuel 6:1 - 12
). There it remained for six months, and was to him and his house the occasion
of great blessing. David then removed it with great rejoicing to Jerusalem, and
set it in the midst of the tabernacle he had pitched for it.
(2) A Merarite Levite, a temple porter, who with his eight sons guarded the southern
gate ( 1
Chronicles 15:18 , 15:21
(3) One who had charge of the temple treasures ( 2
Chronicles 25:24 ).
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
servant of Edom
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(servant of Edom)
1. A Levite, described as a Gittite, ( 2 Samuel 6:10 , 6:11 )
that is, probably, a native of the Levitical city of Gath-rimmon in Manasseh,
which was assigned to the Kohathites. ( Joshua 21:25 ) (B.C. 1045.) After the
death of Uzzah, the ark, which was being conducted from the house of Abinadab
in Gibeah to the city of David, was carried aside into the house of Obed edom,
where it continued three months. It was brought thence by David. ( 2 Samuel 6:12
; 1 Chronicles 15:25 )
2. "Obed-edom the son of Jeduthun"
( 1 Chronicles 16:38 ) a Merarite Levite, appears to be a different person from
the last mentioned. He was a Levite of the second degree and a gate-keeper for
the ark, ( 1 Chronicles 15:18 , 15:24 ) appointed to sound "with harps on the
Sheminith to excel." ( 1 Chronicles 15:21 ; 16:5 ) (B.C. 1043.)
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
o'-bed-e'-dom ('obhedh 'edhowm (2 Chronicles 25:24),
'obhedd 'edhom (2 Samuel 6:10; 1 Chronicles 13:13 , 14 ; 15:25), but elsewhere
without hyphen, "servant of (god) Edom"; so W. R. Smith, Religion of Semites (2),
42, and H. P. Smith, Samuel, 294, though others explain it as = "servant of man"):
In 2 Samuel 6:10 , 11 , 12 ; 1 Chronicles 13:13 , 14 a Philistine of Gath and
servant of David, who received the Ark of Yahweh into his house when David brought
it into Jerusalem from Kiriath-jearim. Because of the sudden death of Uzzah, David
was unwilling to proceed with the Ark to his citadel, and it remained three months
in the house of Obed-edom, "and Yahweh blessed Obed-edom, and all his house" (2
Samuel 6:11). According to 1 Chronicles 13:14 the Ark had a special "house" of
its own while there. He is probably the same as the Levite of 1 Chronicles 15:25.
In 1 Chronicles 15:16 - 21 Obed-edom is a "singer," and in 1 Chronicles 15:24
a "doorkeeper," while according to 1 Chronicles 26:4 - 8 , 15 he is a Korahite
doorkeeper, to whose house fell the overseership of the storehouse (1 Chronicles
26:15), while 1 Chronicles 16:5 , 38 names him as a "minister before the ark,"
a member of the house or perhaps guild of Jeduthun (see 2 Chronicles 25:24).
Obed-edom is an illustration of the service rendered to Hebrew religion by foreigners,
reminding one of the Simon of Cyrene who bore the cross of Jesus (Matthew 27:32,
etc.). The Chronicler naturally desired to think that only Levites could discharge
such duties as Obed-edom performed, and hence, the references to him as a Levite.
David Francis Roberts
ark of the covenant, bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, levite, obed-edom, 'obhedd 'edhom, 'obhedh 'edhowm