Easton's Bible Dictionary
restoring, or setting up.
(1) Father of the prophet Azariah ( 2
Chronicles 15:1 , 15:8
(2) A prophet in the time of Ahaz and Pekah ( 2
Chronicles 28:9 - 15
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(1) The father of Azariah the prophet, in the reign of Asa. ( 2
Chronicles 15:1 ) (B.C. before 953.)
(2) A prophet of Jehovah in Samaria, at the time of Pekahs invasion of Judah.
Chronicles 28:9 ) (B.C. 739.)
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
o'-ded ('owdhedh (2 Chronicles 15), 'odhedh (elsewhere),
(1) According to 2 Chronicles 15:1, he was the father of Azariah who prophesied
in the reign of Asa of Judah (c 918-877), but 15:8 makes Oded himself the prophet.
The two verses should agree, so we should probably read in 15:8, "the prophecy
of Azariah, the son of Oded, the prophet," or else "the prophecy of Azariah the
(2) A prophet of Samaria (2 Chronicles 28:9) who lived in the reigns of Pekah,
king of the Northern Kingdom, and Ahaz, king of Judah. According to 2 Chronicles
28, Oded protested against the enslavement of the captives which Pekah had brought
from Judah and Jerusalem on his return from the Syro-Ephraimitic attack on the
Southern Kingdom (735 BC). In this protest he was joined by some of the chiefs
of Ephraim, and the captives were well treated. After those who were naked (i.e.
those who had scanty clothing; compare the meaning of the word "naked" in Mark
14:51) had been supplied with clothing from the spoil, and the bruised anointed
with oil, the prisoners were escorted to Jericho.
The narrative of 2 Chronicles 28 as a whole does not agree with that of 2 Kings
15:37 ; 16:5, where the allied armies of Rezin of Damascus and Pekah besieged
Jerusalem, but failed to capture it (compare Isaiah 7:1 - 17 ; 8:5 - 8 a). As
Curtis points out (Chronicles, 459, where he compares Exodus 21:2 ; Leviticus
25:29 - 43 ; Deuteronomy 15:12 - 18), wholesale enslavement of their fellow-countrymen
was not allowed to the Hebrews, and this fact the passage illustrates. It seems
to be a fulfillment in spirit of Isaiah 61:1 - 2, a portion which our Lord read
in the synagogue at Nazareth (Luke 4:16 - 20).
David Francis Roberts
bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, father of azariah, obed, 'odhedh, 'owdhedh, prophet