Easton's Bible Dictionary
abounding in foliage, or abounding in caverns, ( Genesis
21:21 ), A desert tract forming the north-eastern division of the peninsula of
Sinai, lying between the 'Arabah on the east and the wilderness of Shur on the
west. It is intersected in a north-western direction by the Wady el-'Arish. It
bears the modern name of Badiet et-Tih, i.e., "the desert of the wanderings."
This district, through which the children of Israel wandered, lay three days'
march from Sinai ( Numbers 10:12 , 10:33 ). From Kadesh, in this wilderness, spies
(q.v.) were sent to spy the land ( Numbers 13:3 , 13:26 ). Here, long afterwards,
David found refuge from Saul ( 1 Samuel 25:11 , 25:4 ).
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
beauty; glory; ornament
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(peace of caverns) A desert or wilderness, bounded on
the north by Palestine, on the east by the valley of Arabah, on the south by the
desert of Sinai, and on the west by the wilderness of Etham, which separated it
from the Gulf of Suez and Egypt. The first notice of Paran is in connection with
the invasion of the confederate kings. ( Genesis 14:6 ) The detailed itinerary
of the children of Israel in ( Numbers 33:1 ) ... does not mention Paran because
it was the name of a wide region; but the many stations in Paran are recorded,
chs. 17-36. and probably all the eighteen stations were mentioned between Hazeroth
and Kadesh were in Paran. Through this very wide wilderness, from pasture to pasture
as do modern Arab tribes, the Israelites wandered in irregular lines of march.
This region through which the Israelites journeyed so long is now called by the
name it has borne for ages --Bedu et-Tih , "the wilderness of wandering." ("Bible
Geography," Whitney.) "Mount" Paran occurs only in two poetic passages, ( Deuteronomy
33:2 ); Habakkuk 3:3 It probably denotes the northwestern member of the Sinaitic
mountain group which lies adjacent to the Wady Teiran . (It is probably the ridge
or series of ridges lying on the northeastern part of the desert of Paran, not
far from Kadesh. --ED.)
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
pa'-ran, (pa'ran, 'el-pa'ran; Pharan):
(1) El-paran (Genesis 14:6) was the point farthest South reached by the kings.
Septuagint renders 'el by terebinthos, and reads, "unto the terebinth of Paran."
The evidence is slender, but it is not unreasonable to suppose that this is the
place elsewhere (Deuteronomy 2:8 ; 1 Kings 9:26, etc.) called Elath or Eloth ('el
with feminine termination), a seaport town which gave its name to the Aelanitic
Gulf (modern Gulf of 'Aqaba), not far from the wilderness of Paran (2).
(2) Many places named in the narrative of the wanderings lay within the Wilderness
of Paran (Numbers 10:12 ; 13:21 ; 27:14 ; compare Numbers 13:3 , 16, etc.). It
is identified with the high limestone plateau of Ettih, stretching from the Southwest
of the Dead Sea to Sinai along the west side of the Arabah. This wilderness offered
hospitality to Ishmael when driven from his father's tent (Genesis 21:21). Hither
also came David when bereaved of Samuel's protection (1 Samuel 25:1).
(3) Mount Paran (Deuteronomy 33:2 ; Habakkuk 3:3) may be either Jebel Maqrah,
29 miles South of 'Ain Kadis (Kadesh-barnea), and 130 miles North of Sinai (Palmer,
Desert of the Exodus, 510); or the higher and more imposing range of mountains
West of the Gulf of 'Aqaba. This is the more probable if El-paran is rightly identified
(4) Some place named Paran would seem to be referred to in Deuteronomy 1:1; but
no trace of such a city has yet been found. Paran in 1 Kings 11:18 doubtless refers
to the district West of the Arabah.
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