Easton's Bible Dictionary
mouth of brass, or from old Egypt, the negro.
(1) Son of Eleazar, the high priest ( Exodus 6:25 ). While yet a youth he distinguished
himself at Shittim by his zeal against the immorality into which the Moabites
had tempted the people ( Numbers 25:1 - 9 ), and thus "stayed the plague" that
had broken out among the people, and by which twenty-four thousand of them perished.
For his faithfulness on that occasion he received the divine approbation (Numbers
25:10 - 13). He afterwards commanded the army that went out against the Midianites
( Numbers 31:6 - 8 ). When representatives of the people were sent to expostulate
with the two and a half tribes who, just after crossing Jordan, built an altar
and departed without giving any explanation, Phinehas was their leader, and addressed
them in the words recorded in Joshua 22:16 - 20 . Their explanation follows. This
great altar was intended to be all ages only a witness that they still formed
a part of Israel. Phinehas was afterwards the chief adviser in the war with the
Benjamites. He is commemorated in Psalms 106:30 , 106:31.
(2) One of the sons of Eli, the high priest ( 1 Samuel 1:3 ; 2:12 ). He and his
brother Hophni were guilty of great crimes, for which destruction came on the
house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:31). He died in battle with the Philistines ( 1 Samuel
4:4 , 4:11 ); and his wife, on hearing of his death, gave birth to a son, whom
she called "Ichabod," and then she died (1 Samuel 4:19 - 22).
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
bold aspect; face of trust or protection
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(mouth of brass).
(1) Son of Eleazar and grandson of Aaron. ( Exodus 6:25 ) He is memorable for
having while quite a youth, by his zeal and energy at the critical moment of the
licentious idolatry of Shittim, appeased the divine wrath, and put a stop to the
plague which was destroying the nation. ( Numbers 25:7 ) (B.C. 1452.) For this
he was rewarded by the special approbation of Jehovah and by a promise that the
priesthood should remain in his family forever. ( Numbers 25:10 - 13 ) He was
appointed to accompany as priest the expedition by which the Midianites were destroyed.
ch. ( Numbers 31:6 ) Many years later he also headed the party which was despatched
from Shiloh to remonstrate against the altar which the transjordanic tribes were
reported to have built near Jordan. ( Joshua 22:13 - 32 ) In the partition of
the country he received an allotment of his own --a hill on Mount Ephraim which
bore his name. After Eleazars death he became high priest --the third of the series.
In this capacity he is introduced as giving the oracle to the nation during the
whole struggle with the Benjamites on the matter of Gibeah. ( Judges 20:28 ) The
verse which closes the book of Joshua is ascribed to Phinehas, as the description
of the death of Moses at the end of Deuteronomy is to Joshua. The tomb of Phinehas,
a place of great resort to both Jews and Samaritans, is shown at Awertah, four
miles southeast of Nablus .
(2) Second son of Eli. ( 1 Samuel 1:3 ; 2:34 ; 4:4 , 4:11 , 4:17 , 4:19 ; 14:3
) Phinehas was killed with his brother by the Philistines when the ark was captured.
(B.C. 1125.) [ELI]
(3) A Levite of Ezras time, ( Ezra 8:33 ) unless the meaning be that Eleazar was
of the family of the great Phinehas.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
fin'-e-as, -az, fin'-e-has, -haz (pinechac, "mouth of
(1) Son of Eleazar and grandson of Aaron (Exodus 6:25 ; compare 1 Chronicles 6:4
; Ezra 7:5, where he is seen to be an ancestor of Ezra). He took a leading part
in cleansing Israel from whoredom at Shittim. He there punished the brazen licentiousness
of Zimri, prince of Sirecon, by slaying both him and the Midianite woman he had
brought into camp (Numbers 25:6 - 18). This incident is referred to in Psalms
106:30 , 31 (compare 1 Macc 2:26 , 54 ; Sirach 45:23 , 24). As priest he accompanied
the expedition sent by Moses against Midjan (Numbers 31:6). He was chief of the
Korahite Levites (1 Chronicles 9:20), and succeeded his father as high priest.
While he was in that office the civil war with Benjamin occurred, and it was he
who delivered the oracle's decision to fight Benjamin (Judges 20:28). His faithful
services secured to his house the succession of the priesthood (Numbers 25:11
- 13). He was sent as ambassador to inquire into the reported idolatry of Reuben,
Gad and part of Manasseh (Joshua 22:13 , 30 - 32). According to Septuagint he
was buried with his father in Ephraim on the hill Gibeah Phinehas (see Joshua
24:33). His character was marked with strong moral indignation and fine integrity.
(2) The younger son of Eli (1 Samuel 1:3 ; 2 Esdras 1:2, "Phinees"). See HOPHNI
(3) Father of a priest named Eleazar (Ezra 8:33 ; compare Ezra 8:2 ; 1 Esdras
8:63 , "Phinees").
bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, grandson of aaron, phinees, phinehas, son of eli