|ram (elevated; sublime, exalted, high, (dekhar) male, ('attudh) he-goat, ('ayil), deer)
RELATED: Aram, David, Elihu, Maaz, Zoology
Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1) The son of Hezron, and one of the ancestors of the royal line ( Ruth 4:19
). The margin of 1 Chronicles 2:9 , also Matthew 1:3 , 4 and Luke 3:33 , have
(2) One of the sons of Jerahmeel ( 1 Chronicles 2:25 , 2:27 ).
(3) A person mentioned in Job 32:2 as founder of a clan to which Elihu belonged.
The same as Aram of Genesis 22:21 .
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ram (ram, "high," "exalted"):
(1) An ancestor of David (Ruth 4:19 (Arran); Matthew 1:3,4 (Aram); in 1 Chronicles
2:9 he is called the "brother," but in 2:25, the "son of Jerahmeel" (compare 1
Chronicles 2:27). Ram as the son of Hezron appears more likely than Ram the son
of Jerahmeel, since, according to the narratives of 1 and 2 Samuel, David cannot
have been a Jerahmeelite.
(2) Name of Elihu's family (Job 32:2). It is an open question as to whether Ram
should be taken as a purely fictitious name, invented by the author of the Elihu
speeches, or whether it is that of some obscure Arab tribe. In Genesis 22:21 Aram
is a nephew of Buz (compare Elihu the Buzite), and the conjecture was at one time
advanced that Ram was a contraction of Aram; but this theory is no longer held
to be tenable. The suggestion that the initial "a" (the Hebrew letter, 'aleph)
has been changed by a scribal error into "h" (the Hebrew letter, he) is more acceptable.
Rashi, the rabbinical commentator, takes the quaint position that Ram is identical
(3) The ordinary word is 'ayil, which is remarkably near to 'ayyal, "deer" (compare
Latin caper, capra, "goat," and capreolus, "wild goat" or "roe-buck"; also Greek
dorkas, "roe-buck" or "gazelle").
(4) dekhar, literally, "male" (Ezra 6:9 , 17 ; 7:17).
(5) kar, "battering ram" (Ezekiel 4:2 ; 21:22); elsewhere "lamb" (Deuteronomy
(6) 'attudh, properly "he-goat" ("ram," Genesis 31:10 , 12 the King James Version).
Horace J. Wolf
ancestor of david, 'attudh, 'ayil, bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, dekhar, elihu family, ram