|swon ((tinshemeth) chameleon, tree-toad, water-hen, owl)
RELATED: Birds, Owl, Zoology
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Mentioned in the list of unclean birds ( Leviticus
11:18 ; Deuteronomy
14:16 ), is sometimes met with in the Jordan and the Sea of Galilee.
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(Hebrew. tinshemeth), thus rendered by the Authorized
Version in ( Leviticus
11:18 ; Deuteronomy
14:16 ) where it occurs in the list of unclean birds but either of the renderings
"porphyrio" (purple water-hen) and "ibis" is more probable. Neither of these birds
occurs elsewhere in the catalogue; both would be familiar to residents in Egypt,
and the original seems to point to some water-fowl. The purple water-hen is allied
to our corn-crake and water-hen, and is the largest and most beautiful of the
family Rallidae . It frequents marshes and the sedge by the banks of rivers in
all the countries bordering on the Mediterranean and is abundant in lower Egypt.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
swon (tinshemeth, "chameleon," "tree-toad," "water-hen,"
"owl"; kuknos; Latin cygnus; Anglo-Saxon:
(swan and swon): Mentioned only in old versions and the Revised Version
margin in Leviticus
11:18: "the swan, and the pelican, and the gier eagle," and in Deuteronomy
14:16 Septuagint porphurion = "water-hen"; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin
Bible, 390-405 A.D.) ibis). In the Revised Version (British and American) this
is rightly changed to "the horned owl, and the pelican, and the vulture." A bird
of the duck family wrongly placed among the abominations in old versions of the
Bible, now changed to horned owl.
White and gray swans spend their winter migratory season on the waters of the
Holy Land. They are among the most ancient birds of history; always have been
used for food; when young and tender, of fine flesh and delicious flavor; so there
is no possibility that they were ever rightfully placed among the birds unsuitable
for food. Their feeding habits are aquatic, their food in no way objectionable.
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