Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1) A place mentioned by ( Ezekiel
47:19 ; 48:28
), on the southeastern border of Palestine. Some suppose this was "Tadmor" (q.v.).
(2) The daughter-in-law of Judah, to whose eldest son, Er, she was married ( Genesis
38:6 ). After her husband's death, she was married to Onan, his brother (Genesis
38:8), and on his death, Judah promised to her that his third son, Shelah,
would become her husband. This promise was not fulfilled, and hence Tamar's revenge
and Judah's great guilt ( Genesis
38:12 - 30
(3) A daughter of David ( 2
Samuel 13:1 - 32
Chronicles 3:9 ), whom Amnon shamefully outraged and afterwards "hated exceedingly,"
thereby illustrating the law of human nature noticed even by the heathen, "Proprium
humani ingenii est odisse quem laeseris", i.e., "It is the property of human nature
to hate one whom you have injured."
(4) A daughter of Absalom ( 2
Samuel 14:27 ).
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(1) The wife successively of the two sons of Judah, Er and Onan. ( Genesis
38:8 - 30
) (B.C. about 1718.) Her importance in the sacred narrative depends on the great
anxiety to keep up the lineage of Judah. It seemed as if the family were on the
point of extinction. Er and Onan had successively perished suddenly. Judahs wife,
Bathshuah, died; and there only remained a child, Shelah, whom Judah was unwilling
to trust to the dangerous union as it appeared, with Tamar, lest he should meet
with the same fate as his brothers. Accordingly she resorted to the desperate
expedient of entrapping the father himself into the union which he feared for
his son. The fruits of this intercourse were twins, Pharez and Zarah, and through
Pharez the sacred line was continued.
(2) Daughter of David and Maachah the Geshurite princess, and thus sister of Absalom.
Samuel 13:1 - 32
Chronicles 3:9 ) (B.C. 1033.) She and her brother were alike remarkable for
their extraordinary beauty. This fatal beauty inspired a frantic passion in her
half-brother Amnon, the oldest son of David by Ahinoam. In her touching remonstrance
two points are remarkable: first, the expression of the infamy of such a crime
"in Israel" implying the loftier standard of morals that prevailed, as compared
with other countries at that time; and second, the belief that even this standard
might be overborne lawfully by royal authority --"Speak to the king, for he will
not withhold me from thee." The intense hatred of Amnon succeeding to his brutal
passion, and the indignation of Tamar at his barbarous insult, even surpassing
her indignation at his shameful outrage, are pathetically and graphically told.
(3) Daughter of Absalom, ( 2
Samuel 14:7 ) became, by her marriage with Uriah of Gibeah, the mother of
Maachah, the future queen of Judah or wife of Abijah. ( 1
Kings 15:2 ) (B.C. 1023.)
(4) A spot on the southeastern frontier of Judah, named in ( Ezekiel
47:19 ; 48:28
) only, evidently called from a palm tree. If not Hazazon-tamar, the old name
of Engedi, it may he a place called Thamar in the Onamasticon [HAZAZON-TAMAR],
a days journey south of Hebron.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ta'-mar (tamar, "palm"; Codex Vaticanus Themar; Codex
Alexandrinus Thamar (so Codex Vaticanus in Genesis)):
(1) The wife of Er, the oldest son of Judah (Genesis
38:6). Upon her husband's death under the displeasure of Yahweh, his brother
Onan ought to have performed the husband's part, but he evaded his duty in this
respect, and likewise perished. Shelah, the next brother, was promised to her,
but not given. This led Tamar to the extraordinary course narrated in Genesis
38:13, on which see JUDAH. By her father-in-law she became the mother of Perez
and Zerah (the King James Version "Pharez and Zarah"). Judah, who at first condemned
her to be burned (Genesis
38:24), was compelled to vindicate her (Genesis
38:25 , 26).
Through Perez she became an ancestress of Jesus (Thamar, Matthew
(2) A daughter of David and sister of Absalom (2
Samuel 13:1). Her beauty inflamed her half-brother Amnon with passion, and
by stratagem he forcibly violated her. This brought upon Amnon the terrible revenge
(3) A daughter of Absalom (2
(tamar, "palm tree"; Thaiman):
(4) This name occurs in Ezekiel's ideal delimitation of the territory to be occupied
by Israel (Ezekiel
47:19 ; 48:28).
The Dead Sea is the eastern border; and the southern boundary runs from Tamar
as far as the waters of Meriboth-kadesh to the Brook of Egypt and the Great Sea.
The place therefore lay somewhere to the Southwest of the Dead Sea. "Hazazon-tamar
(the same is En-gedi)" (2
Chronicles 20:2) is of course out of the question, being much too far to the
North. Eusebius (in Onomasticon) mentions Asasonthamar, with which Thamara was
identified. This place was a village with fortress and Roman garrison, a day's
journey from Mampsis on the way from Hebron to Elath. It is the Thamaro mentioned
by Ptolemy (v.16, 8), as a military station on the road from Hebron to Petra.
It is named also in the Peutinger Tables. Neither Mampsis nor Thamaro has been
(5) Among the towns "built" or fortified by Solomon, named in 1
Kings 9:18, is Tamar (the Revised Version (British and American) following
Kethibh), or Tadmor (the King James Version following Qere; compare 2
Chronicles 8:4). Gezer, Beth-horon and Baalath, named along with it, are all
in Southern Palestine, while Tamar is described as in the wilderness in the land,
pointing to the Negeb or to the Wilderness of Judah. It was probably intended
to protect the road for trade from Ezion-geber to Jerusalem. We may with some
confidence identify it with (4) above. It is interesting to note that the Chronicler
Chronicles 8:4) takes it out of connection with the other cities (2
Chronicles 8:5), and brings its building into relation with Solomon's conquest
of Hamath-zobah. Clearly in his mind it denoted the great and beautiful city of
Palmyra, which has so long been known as "Tadmor in the Wilderness."
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