Tekoa, Tekoah, Tekua
|te-ko'-a (trumpet; that is confirmed, a stockade)
RELATED: Amos, Ashur, Joab, Judah
Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1) pitching of tents; fastening down, A town of Judah,
about 12 miles south of Jerusalem, and visible from the city. From this place
Joab procured a "wise woman," who pretended to be in great affliction, and skilfully
made her case known to David. Her address to the king was in the form of an apologue,
similar to that of Nathan ( 2 Samuel 12:1 - 6 ). The object of Joab was, by the
intervention of this woman, to induce David to bring back Absalom to Jerusalem
( 2 Samuel 14:2 , 14:4 , 4:9 ).
(2) This was also the birth-place of the prophet ( Amos 1:1 ).
It is now the village of Teku'a, on the top of a hill among ruins, 5 miles south
of Bethlehem, and close to Beth-haccerem ("Herod's mountain").
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
trumpet; that is confirmed
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(1) A town in the tribe of Judah. ( 2 Chronicles 11:6 ) on the range of hills
which rise near Hebron and stretch eastward toward the Dead Sea. Jerome says that
Tekoa was six Roman miles from Bethlehem, and that as he wrote he had that village
daily before his eyes. The "wise woman" whom Joab employed to effect a reconciliation
between David and Absalom was obtained from this place. ( 2 Samuel 14:2 ) Here
also Ira the son of Ikkesh, one of Davids thirty, "the mighty men," was born,
and was called on that account "the Tekoite," ( 2 Samuel 23:26 ) It was one of
the places which Rehoboam fortified, at the beginning of his reign, as a defence
against invasion from the south. ( 2 Chronicles 11:6 ) Some of the people from
Tekoa took part in building the walls of Jerusalem, after the return from the
captivity. ( Nehemiah 3:6 , 3:27 ) In ( Jeremiah 6:1 ) the prophet exclaims, "Blow
the trumpet in Tekoa, and set up a sign of fire in Bethhaccerem." But Tekoa is
chiefly memorable as the birthplace ( Amos 7:14 ) of the prophet Amos. Tekoa is
still as Tekua. It lies on an elevated hill, which spreads itself out into an
irregular plain of moderate extent. Various ruins exist, such as the walls of
houses, cisterns, broken columns and heaps of building-stones.
(2) A name occurring in the genealogies of Judah, ( 1 Chronicles 2:24 ; 4:5 )
as the son of Ashur. There is little doubt that the town of Tekoa is meant.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
te-ko'-a (teqoa', or teqo'ah; Thekoe; the King James
Version Tekoah; one of David's mighty men, "Ira the son of Ikkesh," is called
a Tekoite, te-ko'-it (teqo'i; 2 Samuel 23:26 ; 1 Chronicles 11:28 ; 27:9; the
"woman of Tekoa" [2 Samuel 14:2] is in Hebrew teqo'ith; in Nehemiah 3:5 mention
is made of certain Tekoites, te-ko'its teqo'im, who repaired part of the walls
1. Scripture References:
|(1) From here came the "wise woman" brought by Joab to try
and make a reconciliation between David and Absalom (2 Samuel 14:2); it was one
of the cities fortified by Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:6 ; Josephus, Ant, VIII,
ix, 1). The wilderness of Tekoa is mentioned (2 Chronicles 20:20) as the extreme
edge of the inhabited area; here Jehoshaphat took counsel before advancing into
the wilderness of Judea to confront the Ammonites and Moabites. In Jeremiah 6:1,
we read, "Blow the trumpet in Tekoa and raise a signal in Beth-haccherim"--because
of the enemy advancing from the North. Amos 1:1, one of the "herdsmen of Tekoa,"
was born here.
(2) In Joshua 15:59 (addition to verse in Septuagint only) Tekoa occurs at the
beginning of the list of 11 additional cities of Judah--a list which includes
Bethlehem, Ain Kairem and Bettir--which are omitted in the Hebrew. A Tekoa is
mentioned as a son of Ashhur (1 Chronicles 2:24 ; 4:5).
(3) Jonathan Maccabeus and his brother Simon fled from the vengeance of Bacchides
"into the wilderness of Thecoe (the Revised Version (British and American) "Tekoah")
and pitched their tents (the Revised Version (British and American) "encamped")
by the water of the pool Asphar" (1 Macc 9:33).
2. Later History:
Josephus calls Tekoa a village in his day (Vita, 75), as does Jerome who describes
it as 12 miles from Jerusalem and visible from Bethlehem; he says the tomb of
the prophet Amos was there (Commentary on Jeremiah, VI, 1). "There was," he says,
"no village beyond Tekoa in the direction of the wilderness." The good quality
of its oil and honey is praised by other writers. In the 6th century a monastery,
Laura Nova, was founded there by Saba. In the crusading times Tekoa was visited
by pious pilgrims wishing to see the tomb of Amos, and some of the Christian inhabitants
assisted the Crusaders in the first siege of Jerusalem. In 1138 the place was
pillaged by a party of Turks from the East of the Jordan, and since that time
the site appears to have lain desolate and ruined, although even in the 14th century
the tomb of Amos was still shown.
3. The Site of Tequ'a:
The site is without doubt the Khirbet Tequ'a, a very extensive ruin, covering
4 or 5 acres, about 6 miles South of Bethlehem and 10 miles from Jerusalem, near
the Frank Mountain and on the road to 'Ain Jidy. The remains on the surface are
chiefly of large cut stone and are all, apparently, medieval. Fragments of pillars
and bases of good hard limestone occur on the top of the hill, and there is an
octagonal font of rose-red limestone; it is clear that the church once stood there.
There are many tombs and cisterns in the neighborhood of a much earlier period.
A spring is said to exist somewhere on the site, but if so it is buried out of
sight. There is a reference in the "Life of Saladin" (Bahaoddenus), to the "river
of Tekoa," from which Richard Coeur de Lion and his army drank, 3 miles from Jerusalem:
this may refer to the Arab extension of the "low-level aqueduct" which passes
through a long tunnel under the Sahl Tequ'a and may have been thought by some
to rise there.
The open fields around Teqa'a are attractive and well suited for olive trees (which
have now disappeared), and there are extensive grazing-lands. The neighborhood,
even the "wilderness" to the East, is full of the flocks of wandering Bedouin.
From the site, Bethlehem, the Mount of Olives and Nebi Samuel (Mizpah) are all
visible; to the Northeast is a peep of the Jordan valley near Jericho and of the
mountains of Gilead, but most of the eastern outlook is cut off by rising ground
(PEF, III, 314, 368, Sh XXI).
E. W. G. Masterman
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