Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1) Genesis 38:12 , 38:14
(2) Hebrew Timnathah, which is appropriately rendered in the Revised Version,
Timnah, a town in Judah.
(3) The town where Samson sojourned, probably identical with "Timnah" (1) ( Judges
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
image; figure; enumeration
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(1) A place which formed one of the landmarks on the north boundary of the allotment
of Judah. ( Joshua 15:10 ) It is probably identical with the Thimnathah of ( Joshua
19:43 ) and that again with the Timnath, or, more accurately, Timnathah, of Samson
( Judges 14:1 , 14:2 , 14:5 ) and the Thamnatha of the Maccabees. The modern representative
of all these various forms of the same name is probably Tibneh, a village about
two miles west of Ain Shems (Beth-shemesh). In the later history of the Jews,
Timnah must have been a conspicuous place. It was fortified by Bacchides as one
of the most important military posts of Judea. 1 Macc. 9:50.
(2) A town in the mountain district of Judah. ( Joshua 15:57 ) A distinct place
from that just examined. Inaccurately written Timnath in the Authorized Version,
the scene of the adventure of Judah with his daughter in-law Tamar. ( Genesis
38:12 , 38:13 , 38:14 ) There is nothing here to indicate its position. It may
be identified either with the Timnah in the mountains of Judah No. 23 or with
the Timnathath of Samson [No. 1].
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
tim'-na (timnah, timnathah (Joshua 19:43 ; Judges 14:1 , 2 , 5), "allotted portion;
Codex Vaticanus Thamnatha; also several Greek variations; King James Version has
Timnath in Genesis 38:12 , 13 , 14 ; Judges 14:1 , 2 , 5 ; and Thimnathah in Joshua
(1) A town in the southern part of the hill country of Judah (Joshua 15:57). Tibna
proposed by Conder, a ruin 8 miles West of Bethlehem, seems too far N. (PEF, III,
53, Sh XVII). It is possible this may be the "Timnah" of Genesis 38:12 , 13 ,
(2) A town on the northern border of Judah (Joshua 15:10), lying between Beth-shemesh
and Ekron. It is probably the same Timnah as Judah visited (Genesis 38:12 - 14),
and certainly the scene of Samson's adventures (Judges 14:1); his "father-in-law"
is called a "Timnite" (Judges 15:6). At this time the place is clearly Philistine
(Judges 14:1), though in Joshua 19:43 it is reckoned to Dan. Being on the frontier,
it probably changed hands several times. In 2 Chronicles 28:18 it was captured
from the Philistines by Ahaz, and we learn from Assyrian evidence (Prison Inscription)
that Sennacherib captured a Tamna after the battle of Alteka before he besieged
Ekron (Schrader, Die Keilinschriften und das Altes Testament, 170). The site is
undoubted. It is now a deserted ruin called Tibneh on the southern slopes of the
Wady es Surar (Valley of Sorek), about 2 miles West of Beth-shemesh. There is
a spring, and there are evident signs of antiquity (PEF, II, 417, 441, Sh XVI).
(3) There was probably a Timna in Edom (Genesis 36:12 , 22 , 40 ; 1 Chronicles
1:39 , 51). Eusebius and Jerome (in Onomasticon) recognized a Thamna in Edom at
(4) The "Thamnatha" of 1 Macc 9:50 (the King James Version) is probably another
Timnah, and identical with the Thamna of Josephus (BJ, III, iii, 5; IV, viii,
1). This is probably the Tibneh, 10 miles Northwest of Bethel, an extensive ruin.
E. W. G. Masterman
bible commentary, bible reference, bible study, define, history of, judah, samson, timnah, timnath, town