|u'-li (strength; fool; senseless)
Easton's Bible Dictionary
The Eulaus of the Greeks; a river of Susiana. It was
probably the eastern branch of the Choasper (Kerkhan), which divided into two
branches some 20 miles above the city of Susa. Hence ( Daniel
8:2 , 8:16
) speaks of standing "between the banks of Ulai", i.e., between the two streams
of the divided river.
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
strength; fool; senseless
Smith's Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
u'-li, u'-lai ('ubhal 'ulay, "river Ulai"; Theodotion
8:2, Oubal, the Septuagint and Theodotion in 8:16, Oulai Latin, Eulaeus):
1. The Name and Its Forms:
A river which, running through the province of Elam, flowed through Shushan or
Susa. It was from "between" this river that Daniel (8:16) heard a voice, coming
apparently from the waters which flowed between its two banks.
2. Present Names and Course:
Notwithstanding that the rivers of Elam have often changed their courses, there
is but little doubt that the Ulai is the Kerkhah, which, rising in the Persian
plain near Nehavend (there called the Gamas-ab), is even there a great river.
Turned by the mountains, it runs Northwest as far as Bisutun, receiving all the
waters of Southern Kurdistan, where, as the Sein Merre, it passes through the
inaccessible defiles of Luristan, its course before reaching the Kebir-Kuh being
a succession of rapids. Turned aside by this mountain, it follows for about 95
miles the depression which here exists as far as the foothills of Luristan, reaching
the Susian plain as a torrent; but it becomes less rapid before losing itself
in the marshes of Hawizeh. The course of the stream is said to be still doubtful
3. Changed Bed at Susa:
In ancient times it flowed at the foot of the citadel of Susa, but its bed is
now about 1 1/4 miles to the West. The date of this change of course (during which
a portion of the ruins of Susa was carried away) is uncertain, but it must have
been later than the time of Alexander the Great. The stream's greatest volume
follows the melting of the snows in the mountains, and floods ensue if this coincides
with the advent of heavy rain. Most to be dreaded are the rare occasions when
it unites with the Ab-e-Diz.
4. Assyrian References:
The Ulai (Assyrian Ulaa or Ulaia) near Susa is regarded as being shown on the
sculptures of the Assyrian king Ashur-bani-pal (British Museum, Nineveh Gal.)
illustrating his campaign against Te-umman. Its rapid stream bears away the bodies
of men and horses, with chariots, bows and quivers. The bodies which were thrown
into the stream hindered its course, and dyed its waters with their blood.
See Delegation en Perse: Memoires, I, Recherches Archeologiques, 25.
T. G. Pinches
bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, choasper, define, river, ulai