Easton's Bible Dictionary
Where Job lived ( Job
1:1 ; Jeremiah
25:20 ; Lamentations
4:21 ), probably somewhere to the east or south-east of Palestine and north
of Edom. It is mentioned in Scripture only in these three passages.
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
('uts; Septuagint Ausitis; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible,
390-405 A.D.) Ausitis):
The home of the patriarch Job (Job 1:1 ; Jeremiah 25:20, "all the kings of the
land of Uz"; Lamentations 4:21, "daughter of Edom, that dwellest in the land of
Uz"). The land of Uz was, no doubt, the pasturing-ground inhabited by one of the
tribes of that name, if indeed there be more than one tribe intended.
The following are the determining data occurring in the Book of Job. The country
was subject to raids by Chaldeans and Sabeans (Job 1:15 , 17); Job's three friends
were a Temanite, a Naamathite and a Shuhite (Job 2:11); Elihu was a Buzite (Job
32:2); and Job himself is called one of the children of the East (Qedhem). The
Chaldeans (kasdim, descendants of Chesed, son of Nahor, Genesis 22:22) inhabited
Mesopotamia; a branch of the Sabeans also appears to have taken up its abode in
Northern Arabia (see SHEBA).
Teman (Genesis 36:11) is often synonymous with Edom. The meaning of the designation
amathite is unknown, but Shuah was a son of Keturah the wife of Abraham (Genesis
25:2), and so connected with Nahor. Shuah is identified with Suhu, mentioned by
Tiglath-pileser I as lying one day's journey from Carchemish; and a "land of Uzza"
is named by Shalmaneser II as being in the same neighborhood. Buz is a brother
of Uz ("Huz," Genesis 22:21) and son of Nahor. Esar-haddon, in an expedition toward
the West, passed through Bazu and Hazu, no doubt the same tribes. Abraham sent
his children, other than Isaac (so including Shuah), "eastward to the land of
Qedhem" (Genesis 25:6). These factors point to the land of Uz as lying somewhere
to the Northeast of Palestine. Tradition supports such a site. Josephus says "Uz
founded Trachonitis and Damascus" (Ant., I, vi, 4). Arabian tradition places the
scene of Job's sufferings in the Hauran at Deir Eiyub (Job's monastery) near Nawa.
There is a spring there, which. he made to flow by striking the rock with his
foot (Koran 38 41), and his tomb. The passage in the Koran is, however, also made
to refer to Job's Well.
Talmud of Jerusalem (French translation by M. Schwab, VII, 289) contains a discussion
of the date of Job; Le Strange, Palestine under the Moslems, 220-23, 427, 515.
Thomas Hunter Weir
bible commentary, bible reference, bible study, define, history of, home of job, land of uz