Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1) strength, A garden in which Manasseh and Amon were
buried ( 2
Kings 21:18 , 21:26
). It was probably near the king's palace in Jerusalem, or may have formed part
of the palace grounds. Manasseh may probably have acquired it from some one of
(2) strength, A son of Abinadab, in whose house the men of Kirjath-jearim placed
the ark when it was brought back from the land of the Philistines ( 1
Samuel 7:1 ). He with his brother Ahio drove the cart on which the ark was
placed when David sought to bring it up to Jerusalem. When the oxen stumbled,
Uzzah, in direct violation of the divine law ( Numbers
4:15 ), put forth his hand to steady the ark, and was immediately smitten
unto death. The place where this occurred was henceforth called Perez-uzzah (
Chronicles 13:11 ). David on this feared to proceed further, and placed the
ark in the house of Obed-edom the Gittite ( 2
Samuel 6:2 - 11
Chronicles 13:6 - 13
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
uz'-a, uz'-a ('uzzah (2
Samuel 6:6 - 8),
otherwise 'uzza' meaning uncertain):
(1) One of those who accompanied the ark on its journey from Kiriath-jearim toward
Samuel 6:3 - 8,
"Uzzah" = 1
Chronicles 13:7 - 11,
"Uzza"). From the text of 2
Samuel 6:3 - 8,
as generally corrected with the help of Septuagint, it is supposed that Uzzah
walked by the side of the ark while Ahio (or "his brother") went in front of it.
The word which describes what happened to the oxen is variously translated; the
Revised Version (British and American) has "stumbled"; others render it, "They
let the oxen slip," "The oxen shook (the ark)." Uzzah, whatever it be that took
place, caught hold of the ark; something else happened, and Uzzah died on the
spot. If the word translated "rashness" (Revised Version margin) in 2
Samuel 6:7 (not "error" as English Versions of the Bible) is to be kept in
the text, Uzzah would be considered guilty of too little reverence for the ark;
but the words "for (his) rashness" are lacking in the Septuagint (Codex Vaticanus),
Chronicles 13:10 has "because he put forth his hand to the ark," and further
no such Hebrew word as we find here is known to us. The older commentators regarded
the death as provoked by non-observance of the provisions about the ark as given
in the Pentateuch, but it is generally believed today that these were not known
in David's time.
What is clear is that Uzzah's act led to an accident of some kind, and the event
was regarded by David as inauspicious, so that the journey with the ark was discontinued.
We know how the Old Testament writers represent events as due to divine intervention
where we would perhaps discern natural causes.
(2) The garden of Uzza
Kings 21:18 , 26).
Manasseh the king is said (2
Kings 21:18) to have been "buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden
of Uzza"; and Amon (2
Kings 21:26) "was buried in his sepulchre in the garden of Uzza." It has been
suggested that "Uzza"--"Uzziah" ('uzziyah) = Azariah" (compare 2
Kings 15:1 - 6).
The garden of Manasseh would then be identical with that of Uzziah, by whom it
was originally laid out. 2
Chronicles 33:20 does not mention the garden.
(3) Son of Shimei,
a Merarite (1
Chronicles 6:29 (Hebrew 14)), the Revised Version (British and American) "Uzzah,"
the King James Version "Uzza."
(4) A descendant of Ehud, and head of a Benjamite family
Chronicles 8:7, "Uzza"). Hogg, JQR, 102 (1893) (see Curtis, Chron.,
156-59), finds a proper name "Iglaam" in 1
Chronicles 8:6, and so reads "and Iglaam begot Uzza and Abishabar."
(5) Head of a Nethinim family that returned from Babylon
2:49) = "Uzza" of Nehemiah
David Francis Roberts
ark of the covenant, bible commentary, bible reference, bible study, define, died, history of, touched the ark, uzza, uzzah