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Viper

vi'-per ((eph'eh) poisonous serpent, (echidne) poisonous snake)
RELATED:
Adam, Eve, Garden of Eden, Zoology
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Easton's Bible Dictionary

In Job 20:16 , Isaiah 30:6 ; 59:5 , the Hebrew. word eph'eh is thus rendered. The Hebrew word, however, probably denotes a species of poisonous serpents known by the Arabic name of 'el ephah. Tristram has identified it with the sand viper, a species of small size common in sandy regions, and frequently found under stones by the shores of the Dead Sea. It is rapid in its movements, and highly poisonous. In the New Testament echidne is used ( Matthew 3:7 ; 12:34 ; 23:33 ) for any poisonous snake. The viper mentioned in Acts 28:3 was probably the vipera aspis, or the Mediterranean viper. (See ADDER .)

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Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names

(no entry)

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Smith's Bible Dictionary

(See SERPENT).

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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

vi'-per ('eph'eh (Job 20:16 , Isaiah 30:6 ; 59:5); echidna (Matthew 3:7 = Luke 3:7; Matthew 12:34 ; 23:33 ; Acts 28:3)):

Several vipers are found in Palestine, but it is not certain that 'eph'eh referred definitely to any of them.

See SERPENT.



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Tags:

bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, echidne, eph'eh, viper

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