Easton's Bible Dictionary
Cities were surrounded by walls, as distinguished from
"unwalled villages" ( Ezekiel
38:11 ; Leviticus
25:29 - 34
). They were made thick and strong ( Numbers
13:28 ; Deuteronomy
3:5 ). Among the Jews walls were built of stone, some of those in the temple
being of great size ( 1
Kings 6:7 ; 7:9
13:2 ). The term is used metaphorically of security and safety ( Isaiah
26:1 ; 60:18
). (See FENCE .)
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
Only a few points need be noticed.
(1) The practice common in Palestine of carrying foundations down to the solid
rock, as in the case of the temple, with structures intended to be permanent.
(2) A feature of some parts of Solomons buildings, as described by Josephus, corresponds
remarkably to the method adopted at Nineveh of incrusting or veneering a wall
of brick or stone with slabs of a more costly material, as marble or alabaster.
(3) Another use of walls in Palestine is to support mountain roads Or terraces
formed on the sides of hills for purposes of cultivation.
(4) The "path of the vineyards," ( Numbers
22:24 ) is a pathway through vineyards, with walls on each side.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
See ARCHITECTURE; CITY; FORTIFICATION; HOUSE; JERUSALEM; VILLAGE.
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