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Zaanaim, Za-anaim, Zaanannim

za-a-na'-im (movings; a person asleep, removings, wanderings)
RELATED:
Jael, Kedesh, Sisera, Naphtali
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Easton's Bible Dictionary

wanderings; the unloading of tents, so called probably from the fact of nomads in tents encamping amid the cities and villages of that region, a place in the north-west of Lake Merom, near Kedesh, in Naphtali. Here Sisera was slain by Jael, "the wife of Heber the Kenite," who had pitched his tent in the "plain [RSV, 'as far as the oak'] of Zaanaim" ( Judges 4:11 ).

It has been, however, suggested by some that, following the LXX. and the Talmud, the letter b, which in Hebrew means "in," should be taken as a part of the word following, and the phrase would then be "unto the oak of Bitzanaim," a place which has been identified with the ruins of Bessum, about half-way between Tiberias and Mount Tabor.


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Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names

movings; a person asleep

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Smith's Bible Dictionary

(removings) The plain of, or more accurately, "the oak by Zaanaim," a tree-probably a sacred tree --mentioned as marking the spot near which Heber the Kenite was encamped when Sisera took refuge in his tent. ( Judges 4:11 ) Its situation is defined as "near Kedesh," i.e. Kedesh-naphtali, the name of which still lingers on the high ground north of Safed and two or three miles west of the lake of el-Huleh (waters of Merom). This whole region abounds in oaks.

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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

za-a-na'-im.

elon betsa'anayim; or betsa'anannim Codex Vaticanus Besamiein; Codex Alexandrinus Besananim (Joshua 19:33); in Judges 4:11 Codex Vaticanus translates it as pleonektounton, and Codex Alexandrinus has anapauomenon):

In Joshua 19:33 the King James Version reads "Allon to Zaanannim," the Revised Version (British and American) "the oak in Zaanannim," the Revised Version margin "oak (or terebinth) of Bezaanannim." In Judges 4:11 the King James Version reads "plain of Zaanaim," the Revised Version (British and American) "oak in Zaanannim." It is probable that the same place is intended in the two passages. It was a place on the southern border of the territory of Naphtali (Joshua), and near it the tent of Heber the Kenite was pitched (Judges). The absence of the article before 'elon shows that the "be" is not the preposition before "z", but the first letter of the name, which accordingly should be read "Bezaanannim." We should naturally look for it near Adami and Nekeb. This agrees also with the indications in Judges, if the direction of Sisera's flight suggested in MEROZ (which see) is correct. The Kadesh, then, of Judges 4:11 may be represented by the ruin Qadish on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee; and in the name Khirbet Bessum, about 3 miles Northeast of Tabor, there is perhaps an echo of Bezaanannim.


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Tags:

bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, sisera killed, zaanaim

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