Easton's Bible Dictionary
Jehovah is renowned or remembered.
(1) A prophet of Judah, the eleventh of the twelve minor prophets. Like Ezekiel,
he was of priestly extraction. He describes himself ( Zechariah
1:1 ) as "the son of Berechiah." In Ezra
5:1 and 6:14
he is called "the son of Iddo," who was properly his grandfather. His prophetical
career began in the second year of Darius (B.C. 520), about sixteen years after
the return of the first company from exile. He was contemporary with Haggai (
(2) The son or grandson of Jehoiada, the high priest in the times of Ahaziah and
Joash. After the death of Jehoiada he boldly condemned both the king and the people
for their rebellion against God ( 2
Chronicles 24:20 ), which so stirred up their resentment against him that
at the king's commandment they stoned him with stones, and he died "in the court
of the house of the Lord" ( 2
Chronicles 24:21 ). Christ alludes to this deed of murder in Matthew
23:35 , Luke
11:51 . (See ZACHARIAS .)
(3) A prophet, who had "understanding in the seeing of God," in the time of Uzziah,
who was much indebted to him for his wise counsel ( 2
Chronicles 26:5 ).
Besides these, there is a large number of persons mentioned in Scripture bearing
this name of whom nothing is known.
(4) One of the chiefs of the tribe of Reuben ( 1
Chronicles 5:7 ).
(5) One of the porters of the tabernacle ( 1
Chronicles 9:21 ).
(6) A Levite who assisted at the bringing up of the ark from the house of Obededom
Chronicles 15:20 - 24
(7) A Kohathite Levite ( 1
Chronicles 24:25 ).
(8) A Merarite Levite ( 1
Chronicles 27:21 ).
(9) The father of Iddo ( 1
Chronicles 27:21 ).
(10) One who assisted in teaching the law to the people in the time of Jehoshaphat
Chronicles 17:7 ).
(11) A Levite of the sons of Asaph ( 2
Chronicles 20:14 ).
(12) One of Jehoshaphat's sons ( 2
Chronicles 21:2 ).
(13) The father of Abijah, who was the mother of Hezekiah ( 2
Chronicles 29:1 ).
(14) One of the sons of Asaph ( 2
Chronicles 29:13 ).
(15) One of the "rulers of the house of God" ( 2
Chronicles 35:8 ).
(16) A chief of the people in the time of Ezra, who consulted him about the return
from captivity ( Ezra
8:16 ); probably the same as mentioned in Nehemiah
12:16 , 12:35
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
memory of the Lord
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(1) The eleventh in order of the twelve minor prophets.
He is called in his prophecy the son of Berechiah and the grandson of Iddo, whereas
in the book of Ezra, ( Ezra 5:1 ; 6:14 ) he is said to have been the son of Iddo.
It is natural to suppose as the prophet himself mentions his fathers name, whereas
the book of Ezra mentions only Iddo, that Berechiah had died early, and that there
was now no intervening link between the grandfather and the grandson. Zechariah,
like Jeremiah and Ezekiel before him, was priest as well as prophet. He seems
to have entered upon his office while yet young, ( Zechariah 2:4 ) and must have
been born in Babylon whence he returned with the first caravan of exiles under
Zerubbabel and Jeshua. It was in the eighth month, in the second year of Darius,
that he first publicly discharged his office. In this he acted in concert with
Haggai. Both prophets had the same great object before them; both directed all
their energies to the building of the second temple. To their influence we find
the rebuilding of the temple in a great measure ascribed. If the later Jewish
accounts may be trusted, Zechariah, as well as Haggai, was a member of the Great
Synagogue. The genuine writings of Zechariah help us but little in our estimate
of his character. Some faint traces, however, we may observe in them, of his education
in Babylon. He leans avowedly on the authority of the older prophets, and copies
their expressions. Jeremiah especially seems to have been his favorite; and hence
the Jewish saying that "the spirit of Jeremiah dwelt in Zechariah." But in what
may be called the peculiarities of his prophecy, he approaches more nearly to
Ezekiel and Daniel. Like them he delights in visions; like them he uses symbols
and allegories rather than the bold figures and metaphors which lend so much force
and beauty to the writings of the earlier prophets. Generally speaking, Zechariahs
style is pure, and remarkably free from Chaldaisms.
(2) Son of Meshelemiah or Shelemiah a Korhite, and keeper of the north gate of
the tabernacle of the congregation, ( 1 Chronicles 9:21 ) (B.C. 1043.)
(3) One of the sons of Jehiel. ( 1 Chronicles 9:37 )
(4) A Levite of the second order in the temple band as arranged by David, appointed
to play "with psalteries on Alamoth." ( 1 Chronicles 15:18 , 15:20 ) (B.C. 1043.)
(5) One of the princes of Judah in the reign of Jehoshaphat. ( 2 Chronicles 17:7
) (B.C. 910.)
(6) Son of the high priest Jehoiada, in the reign of Joash king of Judah ( 2 Chronicles
24:20 ) and therefore the kings cousin. After the death of Jehoiada, Zechariah
probably succeeded to his office, and in attempting to check the reaction in favor
of idolatry which immediately followed he fell a victim to a conspiracy formed
against him by the king, and was stoned in the court of the temple. He is probably
the same as the "Zacharias son of Barachias" who was slain between the temple
and the altar. ( Matthew 23:35 ) [ZACHARIAS, No. 2] (B.C. 838.)
(7) A Kohathite Levite in the reign of Josiah. ( 2 Chronicles 34:12 ) (B.C. 628.)
(8) The leader of the sons of Pharosh who returned with Ezra. ( Ezra 8:3 ) (B.C.
(9) Son of Behai. ( Ezra 8:11 )
(10) One of the chiefs of the people whom Ezra summoned in council at the river
Ahava. ( Ezra 8:16 )
(11) He stood at Ezras left hand when he expounded the law to the people. ( Nehemiah
8:4 ) (B.C. 459.)
(12) One of the family of Elam who had married a foreign wife after the captivity.
( Ezra 10:26 ) (B.C.458.)
(13) Ancestor of Athaiah or Uthai. ( Nehemiah 11:4 )
(14) A Shilonite, descendant of Perez. ( Nehemiah 11:5 )
(15) A priest, son of Pashur. ( Nehemiah 11:12 )
(16) The representative of the priestly family of Iddo in the days of Joiakim
the son of Jeshua. ( Nehemiah 12:16 ) (B.C. 536.) possibly the same as Zechariah
the prophet, the son of Iddo.
(17) One of the priests, son of Jonathan, who blew with the trumpets at the dedication
of the city wall by Ezra and Nehemiah. ( Nehemiah 12:36 , 12:41 ) (B.C. 446.)
(18) A chief of the Reubenites at the time of the captivity by Tiglath-pileser.
( 1 Chronicles 5:7 ) (B.C. 740.)
(19) One of the priests who accompanied the ark from the house of Obed-edom. (
1 Chronicles 15:24 ) (B.C. 1043.)
(20) Son of Isshiah or Jesiah, a Kohathite Levite descended from Uzziel. ( 1 Chronicles
24:25 ) (B.C. 1043.)
(21) Fourth son of Hosah of the children of Merari. ( 1 Chronicles 26:11 )
(22) A Manassite. ( 1 Chronicles 27:21 , 27:22 )
(23) The father of Jahaziel. ( 2 Chronicles 20:14 )
(24) One of the sons of Jehoshaphat. ( 2 Chronicles 21:2 )
(25) A prophet in the reign of Uzziah who appears to have acted as the kings counsellor,
but of whom nothing is known. ( 2 Chronicles 26:5 ) (B.C. 807.)
(26) The father of Abijah or Abi, Hezekiahs mother. ( 2 Chronicles 29:1 )
(27) One of the family of Asaph in the reign of Hezekiah. ( 2 Chronicles 29:13
) (B.C. 727.)
(28) One of the rulers of the temple in the reign of Josiah. ( 2 Chronicles 35:8
) (B.C. 628.)
(29) The son of Jeberechiah, who was taken by the prophet Isaiah as one of the
"faithful witnesses to record," when he wrote concerning Maher-shalal-hash-baz.
( Isaiah 8:2 ) (B.C. 723.) He may have been the Levite of the same name who in
the reign of Hezekiah assisted in the purification of the temple. ( 2 Chronicles
29:13 ) Another conjecture is that he is the same as Zechariah the father of Abijah,
the queen of Ahaz.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
zek-a-ri'-a (zekharyahu, or zekharyah; the Septuagint
A very common name in the Old Testament. The form, especially the longer form,
of the name would suggest for its meaning, "Yah remembers" or "Yah is renowned,"
and the name was doubtless understood in this sense in later times. But the analogies
with ZACCUR, ZECHER, ZICHRI (which see), etc., make some original ethnic derivation
|(1) King of Israel, son of Jeroboam II (the King James Version
|Son of Jeroboam II, and 14th king of Israel. He was the
4th of the line of Jehu, and reigned six months. Zechariah succeeded to a splendid
inheritance, as he was king, not only of the ten tribes of Israel, but of the
Syrian state of Damascus, which his father had subdued. In the unusual wealth
and dignity of this position lay his peril. Also there were two dark shadows falling
across his path, though both probably unseen by him. One was the promise to Jehu,
as the reward of his destroying the worship of Baal in Israel, that his sons should
sit on the throne of Israel to the 4th generation (2 Kings 10:30 ; 15:12). Zechariah
was Jehu's great-great-grandson. The other was the word of Amos to the priest
of Bethel: "Then said the Lord. ... I will rise against the house of Jeroboam
with the sword" (Amos 7:8 , 9).
The only brief notice of Zechariah personal to himself is that he gave his support
to the worship of the calves, since Jeroboam I established the religion of the
state. He hardly had time, however, to identify himself with this or any institution
before he was publicly assassinated by Shallum, the son of Jabesh (he "smote him
before the people"). The prophet Hosea was then alive, and there is probably allusion
to this crime when, addressing Ephraim, he says: "Where is thy king, that he may
save thee in all thy cities?. ... I have given thee a king in mine anger, and
have taken him away in my wrath" (Hosea 13:10 , 11 ; compare 1:4).
There has long been difficulty with the chronology of this period. Archbishop
Ussher assumed an interregnum of 11 years between the death of Jeroboam II and
Zechariah's accession. This is accepted as probable by a recent writer, who sees
"at least 10 years of incessant conflict between rival claimants to the throne
on Jeroboam's death" (see article "Zechariah" in HDB, IV). It seems more likely
that there is error in certain of the synchronisms. The year of Zechariah's accession
was probably 759 BC (some put it later), and the 6 months of his reign, with that
given to Shallum, may be included in the 10 years of Menahem, who followed them
(2 Kings 15:17).
(2) The grandfather of King Hezekiah, through Hezekiah's mother Abi (2 Kings 18:2,
the King James Version "Zachariah" parallel 2 Chronicles 29:1).
(3) A contemporary of Isaiah, taken by Isaiah as a trustworthy witness in the
matter of the sign Maher-shalal-hash-baz (Isaiah 8:1). As his father's name was
Jeberechiah, some support seems to be offered to theories of those who would make
him the author of certain portions of Zechariah.
(4) A Reubenite of the time of Israel's captivity (1 Chronicles 5:7).
(5) A Benjamite, living in Gideon (1 Chronicles 9:37; called "Zecher" in 8:31).
He was the brother of Kish and hence, the uncle of Saul.
(6) A Manassite of Gilead, at the time of David (1 Chronicles 27:21).
(7) The third son of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 21:2). He was slain by Jehoram
(2 Chronicles 21:4).
(8) A "prince" who Jehoshaphat sent to "teach" in the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles
17:7). As this "teaching" was in connection with the establishing of the Law,
Zechariah was primarily a judge.
(9) A prophet who was influential in the early days of Uzziah (2 Chronicles 26:5).
He is characterized as ha-mebh in bire'oth (beyir'ath(?)) ha-elohim, which phrase
is usually understood to mean that he had instructed (Revised Version margin)
the king in the fear of God. As long as he lived the king profited by his instruction
The following eight are all Levites:
|(10) A doorkeeper at the time of David, who was made a singer
"of the second degree" (1 Chronicles 15:18; the text is confused). He was a player
on a "psaltery" (1 Chronicles 15:20) and took part in the thanksgiving when the
Ark was brought to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 16:5).
(11) A son of Isshiah (1 Chronicles 24:25).
(12) A son of Meshelemiah, a "porter of the door of the tent of meeting" at the
time of David (1 Chronicles 9:21 ; 26:2 , 14). In 1 Chronicles 26:14 called "a
(13) A son of Hosah, a Merarite, also at David's time (1 Chronicles 26:11).
(14) The father of the prophet, JAHAZIEL (which see) (2 Chronicles 20:14).
(15) A son of Asaph, who assisted in the purification of the Temple at the time
of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:13).
(16) A Kohathite, who assisted in the repair of the Temple at the time of Josiah
(2 Chronicles 34:12).
(17) A son of Jonathan, an Asaphite, one of the musicians at the dedication of
the wall at the time of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 12:35).
The following are all priests:
|(18) A trumpeter at the time of David (1 Chronicles 15:24).
(19) A son of Jehoiada, at the time of Joash. He rebuked the people publicly for
their apostasy, and was stoned by them, Joash consenting to their act (2 Chronicles
24:20 - 22). As 2 Chronicles is the last book in the Hebrew Old Testament, Zechariah
was regarded as the last of the Old Testament martyrs, and hence, is coupled with
Abel (the first martyr) in Matthew 23:35 parallel Luke 11:51. The words "son of
Barachiah" in Matthew are due to confusing this Zechariah with the prophet.
(20) One of the "rulers of the house of God" at the time of Josiah (2 Chronicles
(21) A son of Pashhur, 242 of whose descendants as "chiefs of fathers' houses"
dwelt in Jerusalem at the time of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 11:13).
(22) A trumpeter at the dedication of the wall at the time of Nehemiah (Nehemiah
(23) The prophet (Ezra 5:1 ; 6:14 ; Nehemiah 12:16 ; Zechariah 1:1 , 7 ; 7:1 ,
8 ; 1 Esdras 6:1 ; 7:3).
The following are all returned exiles or are mentioned only as ancestors of such:
|(24) A son of Parosh (Ezra 8:3 ; 1 Esdras 8:30 has "Zacharias"
here and elsewhere).
(25) A son of Bebai (Ezra 8:11 ; 1 Esdras 8:37)
(26) One of the "chief men" dispatched by Ezra to bring priests from Casiphia
(Ezra 8:16 ; 1 Esdras 8:44). Doubtless the same as (24) or (25), above.
(27) One of the persons who stood by Ezra at the reading of the Law (Nehemiah
8:4 ; 1 Esdras 9:44); almost certainly identical with (26).
(28) A son of Elam, who had taken a foreign wife (Ezra 10:26 ; 1 Esdras 9:27).
(29) A son of Amariah, a Judahite, the ancestor of certain persons dwelling in
Jerusalem (Nehemiah 11:4).
(30) A son of "the Shilonite," the ancestor of certain persons dwelling in Jerusalem
Burton Scott Easton
bible commentary, bible history, bible reference, bible study, define, minor prophet, son of berechiah, zechariah, zekharyahu