Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1) A Kohathite Levite, ancestor of Elkanah and Samuel ( 1
Samuel 1:1 ); called also Zophai ( 1
Chronicles 6:26 ).
(2) (from ZUPH, LAND OF)
Samuel 9:5 , 1
Samuel 9:6 ), a district in which lay Samuel's city, Ramah. It was probably
so named after Elkanah's son, Zuph ( 1
Chronicles 6:26 , marg.).
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
Smith's Bible Dictionary
(1) The land of, a district at which Saul and his servant arrived after passing
through the possessions of Shalisha, of Shalim and of the Benjamites. ( 1
Samuel 9:5 ) only. It evidently contained the city in which they encountered
Samuel, ver. 6, and that again was certainly not far from the "tomb of Rachel."
It may perhaps be identified with Soba, a well-known place about seven miles due
west of Jerusalem.
(2) A Kohathite Levite, ancestor of Elkanah and Samuel. ( 1
Samuel 1:1 ; 1
Chronicles 6:35 ) In ( 1
Chronicles 6:26 ) he is called ZOPHAI.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
zuf (tsuph, "honeycomb"):
(1) According to 1
Samuel 1:1 b; 1
Chronicles 6:35 (Hebrew verse 20) = "Zophai" of 1
Chronicles 6:26 (11), an ancestor of Elkanah and Samuel. But Budde and Wellhausen
take it to be an adjective, and so read tsuphi, in 1 Samuel 1:1 b: "Tohu a Zuphite,
an Ephraimite." It should probably be read also in 1:1a: "Now there was a certain
man of the Ramathites, a Zuphite of the hill-country of Ephraim," as the Hebrew
construction in the first part of the verse is otherwise unnatural. The Septuagint's
Codex Alexandrinus has Soup; Lucian has Souph in 1
Samuel 1:1 b; 1
Chronicles 6:26 (11); Codex Vaticanus has Souphei; Codex Alexandrinus and
Lucian have Souphi; 6:35 (20), Codex Vaticanus and Codex Alexandrinus have Souph;
Lucian has Souphi; and the Kethibh has tsiph.
(2) The Septuagint's Codex Vaticanus and Codex Alexandrinus have Seiph; Lucian
has Sipha, "the land of Zuph," a district in Benjamin, near its northern border
David Francis Roberts
ancestor of elkanah and samuel, bible commentary, bible reference, bible study, define, district, history of, land of zuph, souph, tsiph, zophai, zuph